Klafner. Conversion Chart

This conversion page features historical units (ancient, medieval, etc.) that are mostly no longer in use. If you are looking for units of length that are used today, including many national units of various countries, please switch to our main length conversion page.
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We only include several basic units here for you to convert historical units to contemporary ones. A more comprehensive list of metric units is available on the main length conversion page.
klafner to kilometer (km)
klafner to meter (m)
klafner to centimeter (cm)
klafner to millimeter (mm)
Units: kilometer (km)  / meter (m)  / centimeter (cm)  / millimeter (mm)
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The American System of Measures (US Customary Units)

We only include several basic units here for you to convert historical units to contemporary ones. A more comprehensive list of U.S. units is available on the main length conversion page.
klafner to mile (mi)
klafner to yard (yd)
klafner to inch (in)
Units: mile (mi)  / yard (yd)  / foot (ft)  / inch (in)
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Ancient Egypt

It might be hard to imagine, but these units dates back to 3100 BC. Egyptian people used them 5000 years ago. These units are distant ancestors of US customary units used today.
klafner to iteru (river measure)
klafner to knet (rod of cord)
klafner to nbiw (pole)
klafner to meh niswt (royal cubit)
klafner to meh nedjes (short cubit)
klafner to remen
klafner to djeser, bu
klafner to pedj-aa (large span)
klafner to pedj-sheser (small span)
klafner to amem (fist)
klafner to deret (hand)
klafner to shesep (palm)
klafner to djeba (finger)
Units: iteru (river measure)  / knet (rod of cord)  / nbiw (pole)  / meh niswt (royal cubit)  / meh nedjes (short cubit)  / remen  / djeser, bu  / pedj-aa (large span)  / pedj-sheser (small span)  / amem (fist)  / deret (hand)  / shesep (palm)  / djeba (finger)
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Ancient Greek

The values of Greek units varied according to location and epoch. Relative proportions though were generally the same. Greek measures were in general derived from measurement system of Ancient Egypt.
klafner to schoinos (σχοινός)
klafner to parasanges (παρασάγγες, league)
klafner to dolichos (δόλιχος)
klafner to milion (μίλιον)
klafner to hippikon (ἱππικόν)
klafner to diaulos (δίαυλος)
klafner to στάδιον, stadion
klafner to stadium olympic
klafner to stadium attic
klafner to stadium ptolemey
klafner to plethron (πλέθρον)
klafner to hamma (ἅμμα)
klafner to dekapous (δεκάπους)
klafner to akaina (ἄκαινα)
klafner to kalamos (κάλαμος)
klafner to orgyia (ὄργυια, fathom)
klafner to diploun bēma (διπλοῦν βῆμα, double pace)
klafner to haploun bēma (ἁπλοῦν βῆμα, single pace)
klafner to pēchys (πῆχυς, elbow)
klafner to pygōn (πυγών)
klafner to pygmē (πυγμή, forearm)
klafner to pous (πούς, foot)
klafner to spithamē (σπιθαμή, span of all fingers)
klafner to orthodōron (ὀρθόδωρον, wrist to the tip of meddle finger)
klafner to lichas (λιχάς)
klafner to hemipodion (ἡμιπόδιον)
klafner to dichas (διχάς, midfoot)
klafner to dōron (δῶρον)
klafner to palaiste (παλαιστή, palm)
klafner to kondylos (κόνδυλος, two fingers)
klafner to daktylos (δάκτυλος, finger)
Units: schoinos (σχοινός)  / parasanges (παρασάγγες, league)  / dolichos (δόλιχος)  / milion (μίλιον)  / hippikon (ἱππικόν)  / diaulos (δίαυλος)  / στάδιον, stadion  / stadium olympic  / stadium attic  / stadium ptolemey  / plethron (πλέθρον)  / hamma (ἅμμα)  / dekapous (δεκάπους)  / akaina (ἄκαινα)  / kalamos (κάλαμος)  / orgyia (ὄργυια, fathom)  / diploun bēma (διπλοῦν βῆμα, double pace)  / haploun bēma (ἁπλοῦν βῆμα, single pace)  / pēchys (πῆχυς, elbow)  / pygōn (πυγών)  / pygmē (πυγμή, forearm)  / pous (πούς, foot)  / spithamē (σπιθαμή, span of all fingers)  / orthodōron (ὀρθόδωρον, wrist to the tip of meddle finger)  / lichas (λιχάς)  / hemipodion (ἡμιπόδιον)  / dichas (διχάς, midfoot)  / dōron (δῶρον)  / palaiste (παλαιστή, palm)  / kondylos (κόνδυλος, two fingers)  / daktylos (δάκτυλος, finger)
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Ancient Roman

Roman length units were very well defined. The value of the base unit pes (foot) was discovered by John Greaves in 1639 after he made a lot of measurements in the ruins of Rome. Since then we know that the value of one pes was between 0.967 and 0.986 English feet. An accepted modern value is 296 mm. For most Roman units below we give an English equivalent in parentheses.
klafner to schœnus (rush rope)
klafner to leuga (league)
klafner to mille passus (mile)
klafner to stadium (stade, furlong)
klafner to actus
klafner to decempeda
klafner to pertica (perch)
klafner to passus (pace)
klafner to pes sestertius
klafner to gradus (step)
klafner to cubitus (cubit)
klafner to palmipes
klafner to pes (foot)
klafner to palmus major (palm length)
klafner to palmus (palm width)
klafner to uncia (inch)
klafner to pollex (thumb)
klafner to digitus (finger)
Units: schœnus (rush rope)  / leuga (league)  / mille passus (mile)  / stadium (stade, furlong)  / actus  / decempeda  / pertica (perch)  / passus (pace)  / pes sestertius  / gradus (step)  / cubitus (cubit)  / palmipes  / pes (foot)  / palmus major (palm length)  / palmus (palm width)  / uncia (inch)  / pollex (thumb)  / digitus (finger)
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klafner to cubit
klafner to span
klafner to handbreadth
klafner to etzbah
Units: cubit  / span  / handbreadth  / etzbah
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Old Spanish

In various provinces of Spain diferent variations of units were used. The conversions below use Castilian system. Although most of these units are now obsolete, some can still be used today in the countries of Latin America.
klafner to legua de por grado (league of the degree)
klafner to legua marina (nautical)
klafner to legua
klafner to milla marina (nautical)
klafner to milla
klafner to cuerda of Valencia
klafner to cuerda
klafner to estadal
klafner to braza
klafner to paso
klafner to vara
klafner to codo de ribera
klafner to codo
klafner to pie
klafner to palmo
klafner to coto
klafner to pulgada
klafner to linea
klafner to punto
Units: legua de por grado (league of the degree)  / legua marina (nautical)  / legua  / milla marina (nautical)  / milla  / cuerda of Valencia  / cuerda  / estadal  / braza  / paso  / vara  / codo de ribera  / codo  / pie  / palmo  / coto  / pulgada  / linea  / punto
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Old Portuguese

These units were used in Portugal, Brazil and other countries of the Portuguese Empire until the adoption of the metric system in 19th century.
klafner to braça
klafner to toesa
klafner to passo geométrico
klafner to vara
klafner to côvado
klafner to pé
klafner to palmo de craveira
klafner to polegada
klafner to linha
klafner to ponto
Units: braça  / toesa  / passo geométrico  / vara  / côvado  /  / palmo de craveira  / polegada  / linha  / ponto
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Old French

There were many local variations; the following are Quebec and Paris definitions
klafner to lieue commune
klafner to lieue marine
klafner to lieue de post
klafner to lieue metrique
klafner to arpent
klafner to perche
klafner to toise
klafner to pied [foot]
klafner to pouce [inch]
klafner to ligne
Units: lieue commune  / lieue marine  / lieue de post  / lieue metrique  / arpent  / perche  / toise  / pied [foot]  / pouce [inch]  / ligne
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Old Russian

klafner to mile
klafner to verst
klafner to mezhevaya verst
klafner to kosaya sazhen
klafner to sazhen
klafner to makhovaya sazhen
klafner to arshin
klafner to ell
klafner to foot
klafner to pyad
klafner to vershok
klafner to inch
klafner to line
Units: mile  / verst  / mezhevaya verst  / kosaya sazhen  / sazhen  / makhovaya sazhen  / arshin  / ell  / foot  / pyad  / vershok  / inch  / line
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Old German (Prussian)

These units were used before adoption of metric system in 1872.
klafner to meile
klafner to ruthe
klafner to elle
klafner to fuss
klafner to zoll
klafner to linie
Units: meile  / ruthe  / elle  / fuss  / zoll  / linie
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Old Austrian

These units were used before adoption of metric system in 1871.
klafner to meile
klafner to ruthe
klafner to fuss
klafner to zoll
klafner to linie
klafner to punkt
Units: meile  / ruthe  /  / fuss  / zoll  / linie  / punkt
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Old Swedish

Common measurement system was introduced in Sweden by law in 1665. Since then the system was slightly altered twice: in 1735 and 1855. Sweden switched to metric system in 1889.
klafner to nymil (new mile, used since 1889 till now)
klafner to mil (mile)
klafner to fjärdingsväg
klafner to rev before 1855
klafner to rev after 1855
klafner to stång
klafner to famn (fanthom)
klafner to aln (forealrm)
klafner to fot (foot)
klafner to kvarter
klafner to tvärhand (hand)
klafner to tum (thumb or inch) before 1855
klafner to tum (thumb or inch) after 1855
klafner to linje (line) before 1855
klafner to linje (line) after 1855
Units: nymil (new mile, used since 1889 till now)  / mil (mile)  / fjärdingsväg  / rev before 1855  / rev after 1855  / stång  / famn (fanthom)  / aln (forealrm)  / fot (foot)  / kvarter  / tvärhand (hand)  / tum (thumb or inch) before 1855  / tum (thumb or inch) after 1855  / linje (line) before 1855  / linje (line) after 1855

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