Punkt. Conversion Chart

This conversion page features historical units (ancient, medieval, etc.) that are mostly no longer in use. If you are looking for units of length that are used today, including many national units of various countries, please switch to our main length conversion page.
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We only include several basic units here for you to convert historical units to contemporary ones. A more comprehensive list of metric units is available on the main length conversion page.
punkt to kilometer (km)
punkt to meter (m)
punkt to centimeter (cm)
punkt to millimeter (mm)
Units: kilometer (km)  / meter (m)  / centimeter (cm)  / millimeter (mm)
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The American System of Measures (US Customary Units)

We only include several basic units here for you to convert historical units to contemporary ones. A more comprehensive list of U.S. units is available on the main length conversion page.
punkt to mile (mi)
punkt to yard (yd)
punkt to inch (in)
Units: mile (mi)  / yard (yd)  / foot (ft)  / inch (in)
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Ancient Egypt

It might be hard to imagine, but these units dates back to 3100 BC. Egyptian people used them 5000 years ago. These units are distant ancestors of US customary units used today.
punkt to iteru (river measure)
punkt to knet (rod of cord)
punkt to nbiw (pole)
punkt to meh niswt (royal cubit)
punkt to meh nedjes (short cubit)
punkt to remen
punkt to djeser, bu
punkt to pedj-aa (large span)
punkt to pedj-sheser (small span)
punkt to amem (fist)
punkt to deret (hand)
punkt to shesep (palm)
punkt to djeba (finger)
Units: iteru (river measure)  / knet (rod of cord)  / nbiw (pole)  / meh niswt (royal cubit)  / meh nedjes (short cubit)  / remen  / djeser, bu  / pedj-aa (large span)  / pedj-sheser (small span)  / amem (fist)  / deret (hand)  / shesep (palm)  / djeba (finger)
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Ancient Greek

The values of Greek units varied according to location and epoch. Relative proportions though were generally the same. Greek measures were in general derived from measurement system of Ancient Egypt.
punkt to schoinos (σχοινός)
punkt to parasanges (παρασάγγες, league)
punkt to dolichos (δόλιχος)
punkt to milion (μίλιον)
punkt to hippikon (ἱππικόν)
punkt to diaulos (δίαυλος)
punkt to στάδιον, stadion
punkt to stadium olympic
punkt to stadium attic
punkt to stadium ptolemey
punkt to plethron (πλέθρον)
punkt to hamma (ἅμμα)
punkt to dekapous (δεκάπους)
punkt to akaina (ἄκαινα)
punkt to kalamos (κάλαμος)
punkt to orgyia (ὄργυια, fathom)
punkt to diploun bēma (διπλοῦν βῆμα, double pace)
punkt to haploun bēma (ἁπλοῦν βῆμα, single pace)
punkt to pēchys (πῆχυς, elbow)
punkt to pygōn (πυγών)
punkt to pygmē (πυγμή, forearm)
punkt to pous (πούς, foot)
punkt to spithamē (σπιθαμή, span of all fingers)
punkt to orthodōron (ὀρθόδωρον, wrist to the tip of meddle finger)
punkt to lichas (λιχάς)
punkt to hemipodion (ἡμιπόδιον)
punkt to dichas (διχάς, midfoot)
punkt to dōron (δῶρον)
punkt to palaiste (παλαιστή, palm)
punkt to kondylos (κόνδυλος, two fingers)
punkt to daktylos (δάκτυλος, finger)
Units: schoinos (σχοινός)  / parasanges (παρασάγγες, league)  / dolichos (δόλιχος)  / milion (μίλιον)  / hippikon (ἱππικόν)  / diaulos (δίαυλος)  / στάδιον, stadion  / stadium olympic  / stadium attic  / stadium ptolemey  / plethron (πλέθρον)  / hamma (ἅμμα)  / dekapous (δεκάπους)  / akaina (ἄκαινα)  / kalamos (κάλαμος)  / orgyia (ὄργυια, fathom)  / diploun bēma (διπλοῦν βῆμα, double pace)  / haploun bēma (ἁπλοῦν βῆμα, single pace)  / pēchys (πῆχυς, elbow)  / pygōn (πυγών)  / pygmē (πυγμή, forearm)  / pous (πούς, foot)  / spithamē (σπιθαμή, span of all fingers)  / orthodōron (ὀρθόδωρον, wrist to the tip of meddle finger)  / lichas (λιχάς)  / hemipodion (ἡμιπόδιον)  / dichas (διχάς, midfoot)  / dōron (δῶρον)  / palaiste (παλαιστή, palm)  / kondylos (κόνδυλος, two fingers)  / daktylos (δάκτυλος, finger)
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Ancient Roman

Roman length units were very well defined. The value of the base unit pes (foot) was discovered by John Greaves in 1639 after he made a lot of measurements in the ruins of Rome. Since then we know that the value of one pes was between 0.967 and 0.986 English feet. An accepted modern value is 296 mm. For most Roman units below we give an English equivalent in parentheses.
punkt to schœnus (rush rope)
punkt to leuga (league)
punkt to mille passus (mile)
punkt to stadium (stade, furlong)
punkt to actus
punkt to decempeda
punkt to pertica (perch)
punkt to passus (pace)
punkt to pes sestertius
punkt to gradus (step)
punkt to cubitus (cubit)
punkt to palmipes
punkt to pes (foot)
punkt to palmus major (palm length)
punkt to palmus (palm width)
punkt to uncia (inch)
punkt to pollex (thumb)
punkt to digitus (finger)
Units: schœnus (rush rope)  / leuga (league)  / mille passus (mile)  / stadium (stade, furlong)  / actus  / decempeda  / pertica (perch)  / passus (pace)  / pes sestertius  / gradus (step)  / cubitus (cubit)  / palmipes  / pes (foot)  / palmus major (palm length)  / palmus (palm width)  / uncia (inch)  / pollex (thumb)  / digitus (finger)
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punkt to cubit
punkt to span
punkt to handbreadth
punkt to etzbah
Units: cubit  / span  / handbreadth  / etzbah
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Old Spanish

In various provinces of Spain diferent variations of units were used. The conversions below use Castilian system. Although most of these units are now obsolete, some can still be used today in the countries of Latin America.
punkt to legua de por grado (league of the degree)
punkt to legua marina (nautical)
punkt to legua
punkt to milla marina (nautical)
punkt to milla
punkt to cuerda of Valencia
punkt to cuerda
punkt to estadal
punkt to braza
punkt to paso
punkt to vara
punkt to codo de ribera
punkt to codo
punkt to pie
punkt to palmo
punkt to coto
punkt to pulgada
punkt to linea
punkt to punto
Units: legua de por grado (league of the degree)  / legua marina (nautical)  / legua  / milla marina (nautical)  / milla  / cuerda of Valencia  / cuerda  / estadal  / braza  / paso  / vara  / codo de ribera  / codo  / pie  / palmo  / coto  / pulgada  / linea  / punto
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Old Portuguese

These units were used in Portugal, Brazil and other countries of the Portuguese Empire until the adoption of the metric system in 19th century.
punkt to braça
punkt to toesa
punkt to passo geométrico
punkt to vara
punkt to côvado
punkt to pé
punkt to palmo de craveira
punkt to polegada
punkt to linha
punkt to ponto
Units: braça  / toesa  / passo geométrico  / vara  / côvado  /  / palmo de craveira  / polegada  / linha  / ponto
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Old French

There were many local variations; the following are Quebec and Paris definitions
punkt to lieue commune
punkt to lieue marine
punkt to lieue de post
punkt to lieue metrique
punkt to arpent
punkt to perche
punkt to toise
punkt to pied [foot]
punkt to pouce [inch]
punkt to ligne
Units: lieue commune  / lieue marine  / lieue de post  / lieue metrique  / arpent  / perche  / toise  / pied [foot]  / pouce [inch]  / ligne
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Old Russian

punkt to mile
punkt to verst
punkt to mezhevaya verst
punkt to kosaya sazhen
punkt to sazhen
punkt to makhovaya sazhen
punkt to arshin
punkt to ell
punkt to foot
punkt to pyad
punkt to vershok
punkt to inch
punkt to line
Units: mile  / verst  / mezhevaya verst  / kosaya sazhen  / sazhen  / makhovaya sazhen  / arshin  / ell  / foot  / pyad  / vershok  / inch  / line
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Old German (Prussian)

These units were used before adoption of metric system in 1872.
punkt to meile
punkt to ruthe
punkt to elle
punkt to fuss
punkt to zoll
punkt to linie
Units: meile  / ruthe  / elle  / fuss  / zoll  / linie
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Old Austrian

These units were used before adoption of metric system in 1871.
punkt to meile
punkt to ruthe
punkt to klafner
punkt to fuss
punkt to zoll
punkt to linie
Units: meile  / ruthe  / klafner  / fuss  / zoll  / linie  /
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Old Swedish

Common measurement system was introduced in Sweden by law in 1665. Since then the system was slightly altered twice: in 1735 and 1855. Sweden switched to metric system in 1889.
punkt to nymil (new mile, used since 1889 till now)
punkt to mil (mile)
punkt to fjärdingsväg
punkt to rev before 1855
punkt to rev after 1855
punkt to stång
punkt to famn (fanthom)
punkt to aln (forealrm)
punkt to fot (foot)
punkt to kvarter
punkt to tvärhand (hand)
punkt to tum (thumb or inch) before 1855
punkt to tum (thumb or inch) after 1855
punkt to linje (line) before 1855
punkt to linje (line) after 1855
Units: nymil (new mile, used since 1889 till now)  / mil (mile)  / fjärdingsväg  / rev before 1855  / rev after 1855  / stång  / famn (fanthom)  / aln (forealrm)  / fot (foot)  / kvarter  / tvärhand (hand)  / tum (thumb or inch) before 1855  / tum (thumb or inch) after 1855  / linje (line) before 1855  / linje (line) after 1855

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