Pie. Conversion Chart

This conversion page features historical units (ancient, medieval, etc.) that are mostly no longer in use. If you are looking for units of length that are used today, including many national units of various countries, please switch to our main length conversion page.
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1234567.89none
1 234 567.89space
1,234,567.89comma
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Metric

We only include several basic units here for you to convert historical units to contemporary ones. A more comprehensive list of metric units is available on the main length conversion page.
pie to kilometer (km)
pie to meter (m)
pie to centimeter (cm)
pie to millimeter (mm)
Units: kilometer (km)  / meter (m)  / centimeter (cm)  / millimeter (mm)
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The American System of Measures (US Customary Units)

We only include several basic units here for you to convert historical units to contemporary ones. A more comprehensive list of U.S. units is available on the main length conversion page.
pie to mile (mi)
pie to yard (yd)
pie to inch (in)
Units: mile (mi)  / yard (yd)  / foot (ft)  / inch (in)
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Ancient Egypt

It might be hard to imagine, but these units dates back to 3100 BC. Egyptian people used them 5000 years ago. These units are distant ancestors of US customary units used today.
pie to iteru (river measure)
pie to knet (rod of cord)
pie to nbiw (pole)
pie to meh niswt (royal cubit)
pie to meh nedjes (short cubit)
pie to remen
pie to djeser, bu
pie to pedj-aa (large span)
pie to pedj-sheser (small span)
pie to amem (fist)
pie to deret (hand)
pie to shesep (palm)
pie to djeba (finger)
Units: iteru (river measure)  / knet (rod of cord)  / nbiw (pole)  / meh niswt (royal cubit)  / meh nedjes (short cubit)  / remen  / djeser, bu  / pedj-aa (large span)  / pedj-sheser (small span)  / amem (fist)  / deret (hand)  / shesep (palm)  / djeba (finger)
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Ancient Greek

The values of Greek units varied according to location and epoch. Relative proportions though were generally the same. Greek measures were in general derived from measurement system of Ancient Egypt.
pie to schoinos (σχοινός)
pie to parasanges (παρασάγγες, league)
pie to dolichos (δόλιχος)
pie to milion (μίλιον)
pie to hippikon (ἱππικόν)
pie to diaulos (δίαυλος)
pie to στάδιον, stadion
pie to stadium olympic
pie to stadium attic
pie to stadium ptolemey
pie to plethron (πλέθρον)
pie to hamma (ἅμμα)
pie to dekapous (δεκάπους)
pie to akaina (ἄκαινα)
pie to kalamos (κάλαμος)
pie to orgyia (ὄργυια, fathom)
pie to diploun bēma (διπλοῦν βῆμα, double pace)
pie to haploun bēma (ἁπλοῦν βῆμα, single pace)
pie to pēchys (πῆχυς, elbow)
pie to pygōn (πυγών)
pie to pygmē (πυγμή, forearm)
pie to pous (πούς, foot)
pie to spithamē (σπιθαμή, span of all fingers)
pie to orthodōron (ὀρθόδωρον, wrist to the tip of meddle finger)
pie to lichas (λιχάς)
pie to hemipodion (ἡμιπόδιον)
pie to dichas (διχάς, midfoot)
pie to dōron (δῶρον)
pie to palaiste (παλαιστή, palm)
pie to kondylos (κόνδυλος, two fingers)
pie to daktylos (δάκτυλος, finger)
Units: schoinos (σχοινός)  / parasanges (παρασάγγες, league)  / dolichos (δόλιχος)  / milion (μίλιον)  / hippikon (ἱππικόν)  / diaulos (δίαυλος)  / στάδιον, stadion  / stadium olympic  / stadium attic  / stadium ptolemey  / plethron (πλέθρον)  / hamma (ἅμμα)  / dekapous (δεκάπους)  / akaina (ἄκαινα)  / kalamos (κάλαμος)  / orgyia (ὄργυια, fathom)  / diploun bēma (διπλοῦν βῆμα, double pace)  / haploun bēma (ἁπλοῦν βῆμα, single pace)  / pēchys (πῆχυς, elbow)  / pygōn (πυγών)  / pygmē (πυγμή, forearm)  / pous (πούς, foot)  / spithamē (σπιθαμή, span of all fingers)  / orthodōron (ὀρθόδωρον, wrist to the tip of meddle finger)  / lichas (λιχάς)  / hemipodion (ἡμιπόδιον)  / dichas (διχάς, midfoot)  / dōron (δῶρον)  / palaiste (παλαιστή, palm)  / kondylos (κόνδυλος, two fingers)  / daktylos (δάκτυλος, finger)
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Ancient Roman

Roman length units were very well defined. The value of the base unit pes (foot) was discovered by John Greaves in 1639 after he made a lot of measurements in the ruins of Rome. Since then we know that the value of one pes was between 0.967 and 0.986 English feet. An accepted modern value is 296 mm. For most Roman units below we give an English equivalent in parentheses.
pie to schœnus (rush rope)
pie to leuga (league)
pie to mille passus (mile)
pie to stadium (stade, furlong)
pie to actus
pie to decempeda
pie to pertica (perch)
pie to passus (pace)
pie to pes sestertius
pie to gradus (step)
pie to cubitus (cubit)
pie to palmipes
pie to pes (foot)
pie to palmus major (palm length)
pie to palmus (palm width)
pie to uncia (inch)
pie to pollex (thumb)
pie to digitus (finger)
Units: schœnus (rush rope)  / leuga (league)  / mille passus (mile)  / stadium (stade, furlong)  / actus  / decempeda  / pertica (perch)  / passus (pace)  / pes sestertius  / gradus (step)  / cubitus (cubit)  / palmipes  / pes (foot)  / palmus major (palm length)  / palmus (palm width)  / uncia (inch)  / pollex (thumb)  / digitus (finger)
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Biblical

pie to cubit
pie to span
pie to handbreadth
pie to etzbah
Units: cubit  / span  / handbreadth  / etzbah
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Old Spanish

In various provinces of Spain diferent variations of units were used. The conversions below use Castilian system. Although most of these units are now obsolete, some can still be used today in the countries of Latin America.
pie to legua de por grado (league of the degree)
pie to legua marina (nautical)
pie to legua
pie to milla marina (nautical)
pie to milla
pie to cuerda of Valencia
pie to cuerda
pie to estadal
pie to braza
pie to paso
pie to vara
pie to codo de ribera
pie to codo
pie to palmo
pie to coto
pie to pulgada
pie to linea
pie to punto
Units: legua de por grado (league of the degree)  / legua marina (nautical)  / legua  / milla marina (nautical)  / milla  / cuerda of Valencia  / cuerda  / estadal  / braza  / paso  / vara  / codo de ribera  / codo  /  / palmo  / coto  / pulgada  / linea  / punto
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Old Portuguese

These units were used in Portugal, Brazil and other countries of the Portuguese Empire until the adoption of the metric system in 19th century.
pie to braça
pie to toesa
pie to passo geométrico
pie to vara
pie to côvado
pie to pé
pie to palmo de craveira
pie to polegada
pie to linha
pie to ponto
Units: braça  / toesa  / passo geométrico  / vara  / côvado  /  / palmo de craveira  / polegada  / linha  / ponto
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Old French

There were many local variations; the following are Quebec and Paris definitions
pie to lieue commune
pie to lieue marine
pie to lieue de post
pie to lieue metrique
pie to arpent
pie to perche
pie to toise
pie to pied [foot]
pie to pouce [inch]
pie to ligne
Units: lieue commune  / lieue marine  / lieue de post  / lieue metrique  / arpent  / perche  / toise  / pied [foot]  / pouce [inch]  / ligne
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Old Russian

pie to mile
pie to verst
pie to mezhevaya verst
pie to kosaya sazhen
pie to sazhen
pie to makhovaya sazhen
pie to arshin
pie to ell
pie to foot
pie to pyad
pie to vershok
pie to inch
pie to line
Units: mile  / verst  / mezhevaya verst  / kosaya sazhen  / sazhen  / makhovaya sazhen  / arshin  / ell  / foot  / pyad  / vershok  / inch  / line
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Old German (Prussian)

These units were used before adoption of metric system in 1872.
pie to meile
pie to ruthe
pie to elle
pie to fuss
pie to zoll
pie to linie
Units: meile  / ruthe  / elle  / fuss  / zoll  / linie
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Old Austrian

These units were used before adoption of metric system in 1871.
pie to meile
pie to ruthe
pie to klafner
pie to fuss
pie to zoll
pie to linie
pie to punkt
Units: meile  / ruthe  / klafner  / fuss  / zoll  / linie  / punkt
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Old Swedish

Common measurement system was introduced in Sweden by law in 1665. Since then the system was slightly altered twice: in 1735 and 1855. Sweden switched to metric system in 1889.
pie to nymil (new mile, used since 1889 till now)
pie to mil (mile)
pie to fjärdingsväg
pie to rev before 1855
pie to rev after 1855
pie to stång
pie to famn (fanthom)
pie to aln (forealrm)
pie to fot (foot)
pie to kvarter
pie to tvärhand (hand)
pie to tum (thumb or inch) before 1855
pie to tum (thumb or inch) after 1855
pie to linje (line) before 1855
pie to linje (line) after 1855
Units: nymil (new mile, used since 1889 till now)  / mil (mile)  / fjärdingsväg  / rev before 1855  / rev after 1855  / stång  / famn (fanthom)  / aln (forealrm)  / fot (foot)  / kvarter  / tvärhand (hand)  / tum (thumb or inch) before 1855  / tum (thumb or inch) after 1855  / linje (line) before 1855  / linje (line) after 1855

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