Toise. Conversion Chart

This conversion page features historical units (ancient, medieval, etc.) that are mostly no longer in use. If you are looking for units of length that are used today, including many national units of various countries, please switch to our main length conversion page.
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1234567.89none
1 234 567.89space
1,234,567.89comma
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Metric

We only include several basic units here for you to convert historical units to contemporary ones. A more comprehensive list of metric units is available on the main length conversion page.
toise to kilometer (km)
toise to meter (m)
toise to centimeter (cm)
toise to millimeter (mm)
Units: kilometer (km)  / meter (m)  / centimeter (cm)  / millimeter (mm)
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The American System of Measures (US Customary Units)

We only include several basic units here for you to convert historical units to contemporary ones. A more comprehensive list of U.S. units is available on the main length conversion page.
toise to mile (mi)
toise to yard (yd)
toise to inch (in)
Units: mile (mi)  / yard (yd)  / foot (ft)  / inch (in)
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Ancient Egypt

It might be hard to imagine, but these units dates back to 3100 BC. Egyptian people used them 5000 years ago. These units are distant ancestors of US customary units used today.
toise to iteru (river measure)
toise to knet (rod of cord)
toise to nbiw (pole)
toise to meh niswt (royal cubit)
toise to meh nedjes (short cubit)
toise to remen
toise to djeser, bu
toise to pedj-aa (large span)
toise to pedj-sheser (small span)
toise to amem (fist)
toise to deret (hand)
toise to shesep (palm)
toise to djeba (finger)
Units: iteru (river measure)  / knet (rod of cord)  / nbiw (pole)  / meh niswt (royal cubit)  / meh nedjes (short cubit)  / remen  / djeser, bu  / pedj-aa (large span)  / pedj-sheser (small span)  / amem (fist)  / deret (hand)  / shesep (palm)  / djeba (finger)
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Ancient Greek

The values of Greek units varied according to location and epoch. Relative proportions though were generally the same. Greek measures were in general derived from measurement system of Ancient Egypt.
toise to schoinos (σχοινός)
toise to parasanges (παρασάγγες, league)
toise to dolichos (δόλιχος)
toise to milion (μίλιον)
toise to hippikon (ἱππικόν)
toise to diaulos (δίαυλος)
toise to στάδιον, stadion
toise to stadium olympic
toise to stadium attic
toise to stadium ptolemey
toise to plethron (πλέθρον)
toise to hamma (ἅμμα)
toise to dekapous (δεκάπους)
toise to akaina (ἄκαινα)
toise to kalamos (κάλαμος)
toise to orgyia (ὄργυια, fathom)
toise to diploun bēma (διπλοῦν βῆμα, double pace)
toise to haploun bēma (ἁπλοῦν βῆμα, single pace)
toise to pēchys (πῆχυς, elbow)
toise to pygōn (πυγών)
toise to pygmē (πυγμή, forearm)
toise to pous (πούς, foot)
toise to spithamē (σπιθαμή, span of all fingers)
toise to orthodōron (ὀρθόδωρον, wrist to the tip of meddle finger)
toise to lichas (λιχάς)
toise to hemipodion (ἡμιπόδιον)
toise to dichas (διχάς, midfoot)
toise to dōron (δῶρον)
toise to palaiste (παλαιστή, palm)
toise to kondylos (κόνδυλος, two fingers)
toise to daktylos (δάκτυλος, finger)
Units: schoinos (σχοινός)  / parasanges (παρασάγγες, league)  / dolichos (δόλιχος)  / milion (μίλιον)  / hippikon (ἱππικόν)  / diaulos (δίαυλος)  / στάδιον, stadion  / stadium olympic  / stadium attic  / stadium ptolemey  / plethron (πλέθρον)  / hamma (ἅμμα)  / dekapous (δεκάπους)  / akaina (ἄκαινα)  / kalamos (κάλαμος)  / orgyia (ὄργυια, fathom)  / diploun bēma (διπλοῦν βῆμα, double pace)  / haploun bēma (ἁπλοῦν βῆμα, single pace)  / pēchys (πῆχυς, elbow)  / pygōn (πυγών)  / pygmē (πυγμή, forearm)  / pous (πούς, foot)  / spithamē (σπιθαμή, span of all fingers)  / orthodōron (ὀρθόδωρον, wrist to the tip of meddle finger)  / lichas (λιχάς)  / hemipodion (ἡμιπόδιον)  / dichas (διχάς, midfoot)  / dōron (δῶρον)  / palaiste (παλαιστή, palm)  / kondylos (κόνδυλος, two fingers)  / daktylos (δάκτυλος, finger)
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Ancient Roman

Roman length units were very well defined. The value of the base unit pes (foot) was discovered by John Greaves in 1639 after he made a lot of measurements in the ruins of Rome. Since then we know that the value of one pes was between 0.967 and 0.986 English feet. An accepted modern value is 296 mm. For most Roman units below we give an English equivalent in parentheses.
toise to schœnus (rush rope)
toise to leuga (league)
toise to mille passus (mile)
toise to stadium (stade, furlong)
toise to actus
toise to decempeda
toise to pertica (perch)
toise to passus (pace)
toise to pes sestertius
toise to gradus (step)
toise to cubitus (cubit)
toise to palmipes
toise to pes (foot)
toise to palmus major (palm length)
toise to palmus (palm width)
toise to uncia (inch)
toise to pollex (thumb)
toise to digitus (finger)
Units: schœnus (rush rope)  / leuga (league)  / mille passus (mile)  / stadium (stade, furlong)  / actus  / decempeda  / pertica (perch)  / passus (pace)  / pes sestertius  / gradus (step)  / cubitus (cubit)  / palmipes  / pes (foot)  / palmus major (palm length)  / palmus (palm width)  / uncia (inch)  / pollex (thumb)  / digitus (finger)
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Biblical

toise to cubit
toise to span
toise to handbreadth
toise to etzbah
Units: cubit  / span  / handbreadth  / etzbah
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Old Spanish

In various provinces of Spain diferent variations of units were used. The conversions below use Castilian system. Although most of these units are now obsolete, some can still be used today in the countries of Latin America.
toise to legua de por grado (league of the degree)
toise to legua marina (nautical)
toise to legua
toise to milla marina (nautical)
toise to milla
toise to cuerda of Valencia
toise to cuerda
toise to estadal
toise to braza
toise to paso
toise to vara
toise to codo de ribera
toise to codo
toise to pie
toise to palmo
toise to coto
toise to pulgada
toise to linea
toise to punto
Units: legua de por grado (league of the degree)  / legua marina (nautical)  / legua  / milla marina (nautical)  / milla  / cuerda of Valencia  / cuerda  / estadal  / braza  / paso  / vara  / codo de ribera  / codo  / pie  / palmo  / coto  / pulgada  / linea  / punto
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Old Portuguese

These units were used in Portugal, Brazil and other countries of the Portuguese Empire until the adoption of the metric system in 19th century.
toise to braça
toise to toesa
toise to passo geométrico
toise to vara
toise to côvado
toise to pé
toise to palmo de craveira
toise to polegada
toise to linha
toise to ponto
Units: braça  / toesa  / passo geométrico  / vara  / côvado  /  / palmo de craveira  / polegada  / linha  / ponto
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Old French

There were many local variations; the following are Quebec and Paris definitions
toise to lieue commune
toise to lieue marine
toise to lieue de post
toise to lieue metrique
toise to arpent
toise to perche
toise to pied [foot]
toise to pouce [inch]
toise to ligne
Units: lieue commune  / lieue marine  / lieue de post  / lieue metrique  / arpent  / perche  /  / pied [foot]  / pouce [inch]  / ligne
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Old Russian

toise to mile
toise to verst
toise to mezhevaya verst
toise to kosaya sazhen
toise to sazhen
toise to makhovaya sazhen
toise to arshin
toise to ell
toise to foot
toise to pyad
toise to vershok
toise to inch
toise to line
Units: mile  / verst  / mezhevaya verst  / kosaya sazhen  / sazhen  / makhovaya sazhen  / arshin  / ell  / foot  / pyad  / vershok  / inch  / line
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Old German (Prussian)

These units were used before adoption of metric system in 1872.
toise to meile
toise to ruthe
toise to elle
toise to fuss
toise to zoll
toise to linie
Units: meile  / ruthe  / elle  / fuss  / zoll  / linie
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Old Austrian

These units were used before adoption of metric system in 1871.
toise to meile
toise to ruthe
toise to klafner
toise to fuss
toise to zoll
toise to linie
toise to punkt
Units: meile  / ruthe  / klafner  / fuss  / zoll  / linie  / punkt
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Old Swedish

Common measurement system was introduced in Sweden by law in 1665. Since then the system was slightly altered twice: in 1735 and 1855. Sweden switched to metric system in 1889.
toise to nymil (new mile, used since 1889 till now)
toise to mil (mile)
toise to fjärdingsväg
toise to rev before 1855
toise to rev after 1855
toise to stång
toise to famn (fanthom)
toise to aln (forealrm)
toise to fot (foot)
toise to kvarter
toise to tvärhand (hand)
toise to tum (thumb or inch) before 1855
toise to tum (thumb or inch) after 1855
toise to linje (line) before 1855
toise to linje (line) after 1855
Units: nymil (new mile, used since 1889 till now)  / mil (mile)  / fjärdingsväg  / rev before 1855  / rev after 1855  / stång  / famn (fanthom)  / aln (forealrm)  / fot (foot)  / kvarter  / tvärhand (hand)  / tum (thumb or inch) before 1855  / tum (thumb or inch) after 1855  / linje (line) before 1855  / linje (line) after 1855

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