Hamma (ἅμμα). Conversion Chart

This conversion page features historical units (ancient, medieval, etc.) that are mostly no longer in use. If you are looking for units of length that are used today, including many national units of various countries, please switch to our main length conversion page.
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Metric

We only include several basic units here for you to convert historical units to contemporary ones. A more comprehensive list of metric units is available on the main length conversion page.
hamma (ἅμμα) to kilometer (km)
hamma (ἅμμα) to meter (m)
hamma (ἅμμα) to centimeter (cm)
hamma (ἅμμα) to millimeter (mm)
Units: kilometer (km)  / meter (m)  / centimeter (cm)  / millimeter (mm)
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The American System of Measures (US Customary Units)

We only include several basic units here for you to convert historical units to contemporary ones. A more comprehensive list of U.S. units is available on the main length conversion page.
hamma (ἅμμα) to mile (mi)
hamma (ἅμμα) to yard (yd)
hamma (ἅμμα) to inch (in)
Units: mile (mi)  / yard (yd)  / foot (ft)  / inch (in)
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Ancient Egypt

It might be hard to imagine, but these units dates back to 3100 BC. Egyptian people used them 5000 years ago. These units are distant ancestors of US customary units used today.
hamma (ἅμμα) to iteru (river measure)
hamma (ἅμμα) to knet (rod of cord)
hamma (ἅμμα) to nbiw (pole)
hamma (ἅμμα) to meh niswt (royal cubit)
hamma (ἅμμα) to meh nedjes (short cubit)
hamma (ἅμμα) to remen
hamma (ἅμμα) to djeser, bu
hamma (ἅμμα) to pedj-aa (large span)
hamma (ἅμμα) to pedj-sheser (small span)
hamma (ἅμμα) to amem (fist)
hamma (ἅμμα) to deret (hand)
hamma (ἅμμα) to shesep (palm)
hamma (ἅμμα) to djeba (finger)
Units: iteru (river measure)  / knet (rod of cord)  / nbiw (pole)  / meh niswt (royal cubit)  / meh nedjes (short cubit)  / remen  / djeser, bu  / pedj-aa (large span)  / pedj-sheser (small span)  / amem (fist)  / deret (hand)  / shesep (palm)  / djeba (finger)
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Ancient Greek

The values of Greek units varied according to location and epoch. Relative proportions though were generally the same. Greek measures were in general derived from measurement system of Ancient Egypt.
hamma (ἅμμα) to schoinos (σχοινός)
hamma (ἅμμα) to parasanges (παρασάγγες, league)
hamma (ἅμμα) to dolichos (δόλιχος)
hamma (ἅμμα) to milion (μίλιον)
hamma (ἅμμα) to hippikon (ἱππικόν)
hamma (ἅμμα) to diaulos (δίαυλος)
hamma (ἅμμα) to στάδιον, stadion
hamma (ἅμμα) to stadium olympic
hamma (ἅμμα) to stadium attic
hamma (ἅμμα) to stadium ptolemey
hamma (ἅμμα) to plethron (πλέθρον)
hamma (ἅμμα) to dekapous (δεκάπους)
hamma (ἅμμα) to akaina (ἄκαινα)
hamma (ἅμμα) to kalamos (κάλαμος)
hamma (ἅμμα) to orgyia (ὄργυια, fathom)
hamma (ἅμμα) to diploun bēma (διπλοῦν βῆμα, double pace)
hamma (ἅμμα) to haploun bēma (ἁπλοῦν βῆμα, single pace)
hamma (ἅμμα) to pēchys (πῆχυς, elbow)
hamma (ἅμμα) to pygōn (πυγών)
hamma (ἅμμα) to pygmē (πυγμή, forearm)
hamma (ἅμμα) to pous (πούς, foot)
hamma (ἅμμα) to spithamē (σπιθαμή, span of all fingers)
hamma (ἅμμα) to orthodōron (ὀρθόδωρον, wrist to the tip of meddle finger)
hamma (ἅμμα) to lichas (λιχάς)
hamma (ἅμμα) to hemipodion (ἡμιπόδιον)
hamma (ἅμμα) to dichas (διχάς, midfoot)
hamma (ἅμμα) to dōron (δῶρον)
hamma (ἅμμα) to palaiste (παλαιστή, palm)
hamma (ἅμμα) to kondylos (κόνδυλος, two fingers)
hamma (ἅμμα) to daktylos (δάκτυλος, finger)
Units: schoinos (σχοινός)  / parasanges (παρασάγγες, league)  / dolichos (δόλιχος)  / milion (μίλιον)  / hippikon (ἱππικόν)  / diaulos (δίαυλος)  / στάδιον, stadion  / stadium olympic  / stadium attic  / stadium ptolemey  / plethron (πλέθρον)  /  / dekapous (δεκάπους)  / akaina (ἄκαινα)  / kalamos (κάλαμος)  / orgyia (ὄργυια, fathom)  / diploun bēma (διπλοῦν βῆμα, double pace)  / haploun bēma (ἁπλοῦν βῆμα, single pace)  / pēchys (πῆχυς, elbow)  / pygōn (πυγών)  / pygmē (πυγμή, forearm)  / pous (πούς, foot)  / spithamē (σπιθαμή, span of all fingers)  / orthodōron (ὀρθόδωρον, wrist to the tip of meddle finger)  / lichas (λιχάς)  / hemipodion (ἡμιπόδιον)  / dichas (διχάς, midfoot)  / dōron (δῶρον)  / palaiste (παλαιστή, palm)  / kondylos (κόνδυλος, two fingers)  / daktylos (δάκτυλος, finger)
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Ancient Roman

Roman length units were very well defined. The value of the base unit pes (foot) was discovered by John Greaves in 1639 after he made a lot of measurements in the ruins of Rome. Since then we know that the value of one pes was between 0.967 and 0.986 English feet. An accepted modern value is 296 mm. For most Roman units below we give an English equivalent in parentheses.
hamma (ἅμμα) to schœnus (rush rope)
hamma (ἅμμα) to leuga (league)
hamma (ἅμμα) to mille passus (mile)
hamma (ἅμμα) to stadium (stade, furlong)
hamma (ἅμμα) to actus
hamma (ἅμμα) to decempeda
hamma (ἅμμα) to pertica (perch)
hamma (ἅμμα) to passus (pace)
hamma (ἅμμα) to pes sestertius
hamma (ἅμμα) to gradus (step)
hamma (ἅμμα) to cubitus (cubit)
hamma (ἅμμα) to palmipes
hamma (ἅμμα) to pes (foot)
hamma (ἅμμα) to palmus major (palm length)
hamma (ἅμμα) to palmus (palm width)
hamma (ἅμμα) to uncia (inch)
hamma (ἅμμα) to pollex (thumb)
hamma (ἅμμα) to digitus (finger)
Units: schœnus (rush rope)  / leuga (league)  / mille passus (mile)  / stadium (stade, furlong)  / actus  / decempeda  / pertica (perch)  / passus (pace)  / pes sestertius  / gradus (step)  / cubitus (cubit)  / palmipes  / pes (foot)  / palmus major (palm length)  / palmus (palm width)  / uncia (inch)  / pollex (thumb)  / digitus (finger)
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Biblical

hamma (ἅμμα) to cubit
hamma (ἅμμα) to span
hamma (ἅμμα) to handbreadth
hamma (ἅμμα) to etzbah
Units: cubit  / span  / handbreadth  / etzbah
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Old Spanish

In various provinces of Spain diferent variations of units were used. The conversions below use Castilian system. Although most of these units are now obsolete, some can still be used today in the countries of Latin America.
hamma (ἅμμα) to legua de por grado (league of the degree)
hamma (ἅμμα) to legua marina (nautical)
hamma (ἅμμα) to legua
hamma (ἅμμα) to milla marina (nautical)
hamma (ἅμμα) to milla
hamma (ἅμμα) to cuerda of Valencia
hamma (ἅμμα) to cuerda
hamma (ἅμμα) to estadal
hamma (ἅμμα) to braza
hamma (ἅμμα) to paso
hamma (ἅμμα) to vara
hamma (ἅμμα) to codo de ribera
hamma (ἅμμα) to codo
hamma (ἅμμα) to pie
hamma (ἅμμα) to palmo
hamma (ἅμμα) to coto
hamma (ἅμμα) to pulgada
hamma (ἅμμα) to linea
hamma (ἅμμα) to punto
Units: legua de por grado (league of the degree)  / legua marina (nautical)  / legua  / milla marina (nautical)  / milla  / cuerda of Valencia  / cuerda  / estadal  / braza  / paso  / vara  / codo de ribera  / codo  / pie  / palmo  / coto  / pulgada  / linea  / punto
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Old Portuguese

These units were used in Portugal, Brazil and other countries of the Portuguese Empire until the adoption of the metric system in 19th century.
hamma (ἅμμα) to braça
hamma (ἅμμα) to toesa
hamma (ἅμμα) to passo geométrico
hamma (ἅμμα) to vara
hamma (ἅμμα) to côvado
hamma (ἅμμα) to pé
hamma (ἅμμα) to palmo de craveira
hamma (ἅμμα) to polegada
hamma (ἅμμα) to linha
hamma (ἅμμα) to ponto
Units: braça  / toesa  / passo geométrico  / vara  / côvado  /  / palmo de craveira  / polegada  / linha  / ponto
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Old French

There were many local variations; the following are Quebec and Paris definitions
hamma (ἅμμα) to lieue commune
hamma (ἅμμα) to lieue marine
hamma (ἅμμα) to lieue de post
hamma (ἅμμα) to lieue metrique
hamma (ἅμμα) to arpent
hamma (ἅμμα) to perche
hamma (ἅμμα) to toise
hamma (ἅμμα) to pied [foot]
hamma (ἅμμα) to pouce [inch]
hamma (ἅμμα) to ligne
Units: lieue commune  / lieue marine  / lieue de post  / lieue metrique  / arpent  / perche  / toise  / pied [foot]  / pouce [inch]  / ligne
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Old German (Prussian)

These units were used before adoption of metric system in 1872.
hamma (ἅμμα) to meile
hamma (ἅμμα) to ruthe
hamma (ἅμμα) to elle
hamma (ἅμμα) to fuss
hamma (ἅμμα) to zoll
hamma (ἅμμα) to linie
Units: meile  / ruthe  / elle  / fuss  / zoll  / linie
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Old Austrian

These units were used before adoption of metric system in 1871.
hamma (ἅμμα) to meile
hamma (ἅμμα) to ruthe
hamma (ἅμμα) to klafner
hamma (ἅμμα) to fuss
hamma (ἅμμα) to zoll
hamma (ἅμμα) to linie
hamma (ἅμμα) to punkt
Units: meile  / ruthe  / klafner  / fuss  / zoll  / linie  / punkt
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Old Swedish

Common measurement system was introduced in Sweden by law in 1665. Since then the system was slightly altered twice: in 1735 and 1855. Sweden switched to metric system in 1889.
hamma (ἅμμα) to nymil (new mile, used since 1889 till now)
hamma (ἅμμα) to mil (mile)
hamma (ἅμμα) to fjärdingsväg
hamma (ἅμμα) to rev before 1855
hamma (ἅμμα) to rev after 1855
hamma (ἅμμα) to stång
hamma (ἅμμα) to famn (fanthom)
hamma (ἅμμα) to aln (forealrm)
hamma (ἅμμα) to fot (foot)
hamma (ἅμμα) to kvarter
hamma (ἅμμα) to tvärhand (hand)
hamma (ἅμμα) to tum (thumb or inch) before 1855
hamma (ἅμμα) to tum (thumb or inch) after 1855
hamma (ἅμμα) to linje (line) before 1855
hamma (ἅμμα) to linje (line) after 1855
Units: nymil (new mile, used since 1889 till now)  / mil (mile)  / fjärdingsväg  / rev before 1855  / rev after 1855  / stång  / famn (fanthom)  / aln (forealrm)  / fot (foot)  / kvarter  / tvärhand (hand)  / tum (thumb or inch) before 1855  / tum (thumb or inch) after 1855  / linje (line) before 1855  / linje (line) after 1855

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