Pygōn (πυγών). Conversion Chart

This conversion page features historical units (ancient, medieval, etc.) that are mostly no longer in use. If you are looking for units of length that are used today, including many national units of various countries, please switch to our main length conversion page.
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Metric

We only include several basic units here for you to convert historical units to contemporary ones. A more comprehensive list of metric units is available on the main length conversion page.
pygōn (πυγών) to kilometer (km)
pygōn (πυγών) to meter (m)
pygōn (πυγών) to centimeter (cm)
pygōn (πυγών) to millimeter (mm)
Units: kilometer (km)  / meter (m)  / centimeter (cm)  / millimeter (mm)
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The American System of Measures (US Customary Units)

We only include several basic units here for you to convert historical units to contemporary ones. A more comprehensive list of U.S. units is available on the main length conversion page.
pygōn (πυγών) to mile (mi)
pygōn (πυγών) to yard (yd)
pygōn (πυγών) to inch (in)
Units: mile (mi)  / yard (yd)  / foot (ft)  / inch (in)
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Ancient Egypt

It might be hard to imagine, but these units dates back to 3100 BC. Egyptian people used them 5000 years ago. These units are distant ancestors of US customary units used today.
pygōn (πυγών) to iteru (river measure)
pygōn (πυγών) to knet (rod of cord)
pygōn (πυγών) to nbiw (pole)
pygōn (πυγών) to meh niswt (royal cubit)
pygōn (πυγών) to meh nedjes (short cubit)
pygōn (πυγών) to remen
pygōn (πυγών) to djeser, bu
pygōn (πυγών) to pedj-aa (large span)
pygōn (πυγών) to pedj-sheser (small span)
pygōn (πυγών) to amem (fist)
pygōn (πυγών) to deret (hand)
pygōn (πυγών) to shesep (palm)
pygōn (πυγών) to djeba (finger)
Units: iteru (river measure)  / knet (rod of cord)  / nbiw (pole)  / meh niswt (royal cubit)  / meh nedjes (short cubit)  / remen  / djeser, bu  / pedj-aa (large span)  / pedj-sheser (small span)  / amem (fist)  / deret (hand)  / shesep (palm)  / djeba (finger)
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Ancient Greek

The values of Greek units varied according to location and epoch. Relative proportions though were generally the same. Greek measures were in general derived from measurement system of Ancient Egypt.
pygōn (πυγών) to schoinos (σχοινός)
pygōn (πυγών) to parasanges (παρασάγγες, league)
pygōn (πυγών) to dolichos (δόλιχος)
pygōn (πυγών) to milion (μίλιον)
pygōn (πυγών) to hippikon (ἱππικόν)
pygōn (πυγών) to diaulos (δίαυλος)
pygōn (πυγών) to στάδιον, stadion
pygōn (πυγών) to stadium olympic
pygōn (πυγών) to stadium attic
pygōn (πυγών) to stadium ptolemey
pygōn (πυγών) to plethron (πλέθρον)
pygōn (πυγών) to hamma (ἅμμα)
pygōn (πυγών) to dekapous (δεκάπους)
pygōn (πυγών) to akaina (ἄκαινα)
pygōn (πυγών) to kalamos (κάλαμος)
pygōn (πυγών) to orgyia (ὄργυια, fathom)
pygōn (πυγών) to diploun bēma (διπλοῦν βῆμα, double pace)
pygōn (πυγών) to haploun bēma (ἁπλοῦν βῆμα, single pace)
pygōn (πυγών) to pēchys (πῆχυς, elbow)
pygōn (πυγών) to pygmē (πυγμή, forearm)
pygōn (πυγών) to pous (πούς, foot)
pygōn (πυγών) to spithamē (σπιθαμή, span of all fingers)
pygōn (πυγών) to orthodōron (ὀρθόδωρον, wrist to the tip of meddle finger)
pygōn (πυγών) to lichas (λιχάς)
pygōn (πυγών) to hemipodion (ἡμιπόδιον)
pygōn (πυγών) to dichas (διχάς, midfoot)
pygōn (πυγών) to dōron (δῶρον)
pygōn (πυγών) to palaiste (παλαιστή, palm)
pygōn (πυγών) to kondylos (κόνδυλος, two fingers)
pygōn (πυγών) to daktylos (δάκτυλος, finger)
Units: schoinos (σχοινός)  / parasanges (παρασάγγες, league)  / dolichos (δόλιχος)  / milion (μίλιον)  / hippikon (ἱππικόν)  / diaulos (δίαυλος)  / στάδιον, stadion  / stadium olympic  / stadium attic  / stadium ptolemey  / plethron (πλέθρον)  / hamma (ἅμμα)  / dekapous (δεκάπους)  / akaina (ἄκαινα)  / kalamos (κάλαμος)  / orgyia (ὄργυια, fathom)  / diploun bēma (διπλοῦν βῆμα, double pace)  / haploun bēma (ἁπλοῦν βῆμα, single pace)  / pēchys (πῆχυς, elbow)  /  / pygmē (πυγμή, forearm)  / pous (πούς, foot)  / spithamē (σπιθαμή, span of all fingers)  / orthodōron (ὀρθόδωρον, wrist to the tip of meddle finger)  / lichas (λιχάς)  / hemipodion (ἡμιπόδιον)  / dichas (διχάς, midfoot)  / dōron (δῶρον)  / palaiste (παλαιστή, palm)  / kondylos (κόνδυλος, two fingers)  / daktylos (δάκτυλος, finger)
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Ancient Roman

Roman length units were very well defined. The value of the base unit pes (foot) was discovered by John Greaves in 1639 after he made a lot of measurements in the ruins of Rome. Since then we know that the value of one pes was between 0.967 and 0.986 English feet. An accepted modern value is 296 mm. For most Roman units below we give an English equivalent in parentheses.
pygōn (πυγών) to schœnus (rush rope)
pygōn (πυγών) to leuga (league)
pygōn (πυγών) to mille passus (mile)
pygōn (πυγών) to stadium (stade, furlong)
pygōn (πυγών) to actus
pygōn (πυγών) to decempeda
pygōn (πυγών) to pertica (perch)
pygōn (πυγών) to passus (pace)
pygōn (πυγών) to pes sestertius
pygōn (πυγών) to gradus (step)
pygōn (πυγών) to cubitus (cubit)
pygōn (πυγών) to palmipes
pygōn (πυγών) to pes (foot)
pygōn (πυγών) to palmus major (palm length)
pygōn (πυγών) to palmus (palm width)
pygōn (πυγών) to uncia (inch)
pygōn (πυγών) to pollex (thumb)
pygōn (πυγών) to digitus (finger)
Units: schœnus (rush rope)  / leuga (league)  / mille passus (mile)  / stadium (stade, furlong)  / actus  / decempeda  / pertica (perch)  / passus (pace)  / pes sestertius  / gradus (step)  / cubitus (cubit)  / palmipes  / pes (foot)  / palmus major (palm length)  / palmus (palm width)  / uncia (inch)  / pollex (thumb)  / digitus (finger)
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Biblical

pygōn (πυγών) to cubit
pygōn (πυγών) to span
pygōn (πυγών) to handbreadth
pygōn (πυγών) to etzbah
Units: cubit  / span  / handbreadth  / etzbah
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Old Spanish

In various provinces of Spain diferent variations of units were used. The conversions below use Castilian system. Although most of these units are now obsolete, some can still be used today in the countries of Latin America.
pygōn (πυγών) to legua de por grado (league of the degree)
pygōn (πυγών) to legua marina (nautical)
pygōn (πυγών) to legua
pygōn (πυγών) to milla marina (nautical)
pygōn (πυγών) to milla
pygōn (πυγών) to cuerda of Valencia
pygōn (πυγών) to cuerda
pygōn (πυγών) to estadal
pygōn (πυγών) to braza
pygōn (πυγών) to paso
pygōn (πυγών) to vara
pygōn (πυγών) to codo de ribera
pygōn (πυγών) to codo
pygōn (πυγών) to pie
pygōn (πυγών) to palmo
pygōn (πυγών) to coto
pygōn (πυγών) to pulgada
pygōn (πυγών) to linea
pygōn (πυγών) to punto
Units: legua de por grado (league of the degree)  / legua marina (nautical)  / legua  / milla marina (nautical)  / milla  / cuerda of Valencia  / cuerda  / estadal  / braza  / paso  / vara  / codo de ribera  / codo  / pie  / palmo  / coto  / pulgada  / linea  / punto
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Old Portuguese

These units were used in Portugal, Brazil and other countries of the Portuguese Empire until the adoption of the metric system in 19th century.
pygōn (πυγών) to braça
pygōn (πυγών) to toesa
pygōn (πυγών) to passo geométrico
pygōn (πυγών) to vara
pygōn (πυγών) to côvado
pygōn (πυγών) to pé
pygōn (πυγών) to palmo de craveira
pygōn (πυγών) to polegada
pygōn (πυγών) to linha
pygōn (πυγών) to ponto
Units: braça  / toesa  / passo geométrico  / vara  / côvado  /  / palmo de craveira  / polegada  / linha  / ponto
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Old French

There were many local variations; the following are Quebec and Paris definitions
pygōn (πυγών) to lieue commune
pygōn (πυγών) to lieue marine
pygōn (πυγών) to lieue de post
pygōn (πυγών) to lieue metrique
pygōn (πυγών) to arpent
pygōn (πυγών) to perche
pygōn (πυγών) to toise
pygōn (πυγών) to pied [foot]
pygōn (πυγών) to pouce [inch]
pygōn (πυγών) to ligne
Units: lieue commune  / lieue marine  / lieue de post  / lieue metrique  / arpent  / perche  / toise  / pied [foot]  / pouce [inch]  / ligne
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Old German (Prussian)

These units were used before adoption of metric system in 1872.
pygōn (πυγών) to meile
pygōn (πυγών) to ruthe
pygōn (πυγών) to elle
pygōn (πυγών) to fuss
pygōn (πυγών) to zoll
pygōn (πυγών) to linie
Units: meile  / ruthe  / elle  / fuss  / zoll  / linie
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Old Austrian

These units were used before adoption of metric system in 1871.
pygōn (πυγών) to meile
pygōn (πυγών) to ruthe
pygōn (πυγών) to klafner
pygōn (πυγών) to fuss
pygōn (πυγών) to zoll
pygōn (πυγών) to linie
pygōn (πυγών) to punkt
Units: meile  / ruthe  / klafner  / fuss  / zoll  / linie  / punkt
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Old Swedish

Common measurement system was introduced in Sweden by law in 1665. Since then the system was slightly altered twice: in 1735 and 1855. Sweden switched to metric system in 1889.
pygōn (πυγών) to nymil (new mile, used since 1889 till now)
pygōn (πυγών) to mil (mile)
pygōn (πυγών) to fjärdingsväg
pygōn (πυγών) to rev before 1855
pygōn (πυγών) to rev after 1855
pygōn (πυγών) to stång
pygōn (πυγών) to famn (fanthom)
pygōn (πυγών) to aln (forealrm)
pygōn (πυγών) to fot (foot)
pygōn (πυγών) to kvarter
pygōn (πυγών) to tvärhand (hand)
pygōn (πυγών) to tum (thumb or inch) before 1855
pygōn (πυγών) to tum (thumb or inch) after 1855
pygōn (πυγών) to linje (line) before 1855
pygōn (πυγών) to linje (line) after 1855
Units: nymil (new mile, used since 1889 till now)  / mil (mile)  / fjärdingsväg  / rev before 1855  / rev after 1855  / stång  / famn (fanthom)  / aln (forealrm)  / fot (foot)  / kvarter  / tvärhand (hand)  / tum (thumb or inch) before 1855  / tum (thumb or inch) after 1855  / linje (line) before 1855  / linje (line) after 1855

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