Linie. Conversion Chart

This conversion page features historical units (ancient, medieval, etc.) that are mostly no longer in use. If you are looking for units of length that are used today, including many national units of various countries, please switch to our main length conversion page.
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1This is a conversion chart for linie (Old German (Prussian)). To switch the unit simply find the one you want on the page and click it.
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We only include several basic units here for you to convert historical units to contemporary ones. A more comprehensive list of metric units is available on the main length conversion page.
linie to kilometer (km)
linie to meter (m)
linie to centimeter (cm)
linie to millimeter (mm)
Units: kilometer (km)  / meter (m)  / centimeter (cm)  / millimeter (mm)
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The American System of Measures (US Customary Units)

We only include several basic units here for you to convert historical units to contemporary ones. A more comprehensive list of U.S. units is available on the main length conversion page.
linie to mile (mi)
linie to yard (yd)
linie to inch (in)
Units: mile (mi)  / yard (yd)  / foot (ft)  / inch (in)
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Ancient Egypt

It might be hard to imagine, but these units dates back to 3100 BC. Egyptian people used them 5000 years ago. These units are distant ancestors of US customary units used today.
linie to iteru (river measure)
linie to knet (rod of cord)
linie to nbiw (pole)
linie to meh niswt (royal cubit)
linie to meh nedjes (short cubit)
linie to remen
linie to djeser, bu
linie to pedj-aa (large span)
linie to pedj-sheser (small span)
linie to amem (fist)
linie to deret (hand)
linie to shesep (palm)
linie to djeba (finger)
Units: iteru (river measure)  / knet (rod of cord)  / nbiw (pole)  / meh niswt (royal cubit)  / meh nedjes (short cubit)  / remen  / djeser, bu  / pedj-aa (large span)  / pedj-sheser (small span)  / amem (fist)  / deret (hand)  / shesep (palm)  / djeba (finger)
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Ancient Greek

The values of Greek units varied according to location and epoch. Relative proportions though were generally the same. Greek measures were in general derived from measurement system of Ancient Egypt.
linie to schoinos (σχοινός)
linie to parasanges (παρασάγγες, league)
linie to dolichos (δόλιχος)
linie to milion (μίλιον)
linie to hippikon (ἱππικόν)
linie to diaulos (δίαυλος)
linie to στάδιον, stadion
linie to stadium olympic
linie to stadium attic
linie to stadium ptolemey
linie to plethron (πλέθρον)
linie to hamma (ἅμμα)
linie to dekapous (δεκάπους)
linie to akaina (ἄκαινα)
linie to kalamos (κάλαμος)
linie to orgyia (ὄργυια, fathom)
linie to diploun bēma (διπλοῦν βῆμα, double pace)
linie to haploun bēma (ἁπλοῦν βῆμα, single pace)
linie to pēchys (πῆχυς, elbow)
linie to pygōn (πυγών)
linie to pygmē (πυγμή, forearm)
linie to pous (πούς, foot)
linie to spithamē (σπιθαμή, span of all fingers)
linie to orthodōron (ὀρθόδωρον, wrist to the tip of meddle finger)
linie to lichas (λιχάς)
linie to hemipodion (ἡμιπόδιον)
linie to dichas (διχάς, midfoot)
linie to dōron (δῶρον)
linie to palaiste (παλαιστή, palm)
linie to kondylos (κόνδυλος, two fingers)
linie to daktylos (δάκτυλος, finger)
Units: schoinos (σχοινός)  / parasanges (παρασάγγες, league)  / dolichos (δόλιχος)  / milion (μίλιον)  / hippikon (ἱππικόν)  / diaulos (δίαυλος)  / στάδιον, stadion  / stadium olympic  / stadium attic  / stadium ptolemey  / plethron (πλέθρον)  / hamma (ἅμμα)  / dekapous (δεκάπους)  / akaina (ἄκαινα)  / kalamos (κάλαμος)  / orgyia (ὄργυια, fathom)  / diploun bēma (διπλοῦν βῆμα, double pace)  / haploun bēma (ἁπλοῦν βῆμα, single pace)  / pēchys (πῆχυς, elbow)  / pygōn (πυγών)  / pygmē (πυγμή, forearm)  / pous (πούς, foot)  / spithamē (σπιθαμή, span of all fingers)  / orthodōron (ὀρθόδωρον, wrist to the tip of meddle finger)  / lichas (λιχάς)  / hemipodion (ἡμιπόδιον)  / dichas (διχάς, midfoot)  / dōron (δῶρον)  / palaiste (παλαιστή, palm)  / kondylos (κόνδυλος, two fingers)  / daktylos (δάκτυλος, finger)
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Ancient Roman

Roman length units were very well defined. The value of the base unit pes (foot) was discovered by John Greaves in 1639 after he made a lot of measurements in the ruins of Rome. Since then we know that the value of one pes was between 0.967 and 0.986 English feet. An accepted modern value is 296 mm. For most Roman units below we give an English equivalent in parentheses.
linie to schœnus (rush rope)
linie to leuga (league)
linie to mille passus (mile)
linie to stadium (stade, furlong)
linie to actus
linie to decempeda
linie to pertica (perch)
linie to passus (pace)
linie to pes sestertius
linie to gradus (step)
linie to cubitus (cubit)
linie to palmipes
linie to pes (foot)
linie to palmus major (palm length)
linie to palmus (palm width)
linie to uncia (inch)
linie to pollex (thumb)
linie to digitus (finger)
Units: schœnus (rush rope)  / leuga (league)  / mille passus (mile)  / stadium (stade, furlong)  / actus  / decempeda  / pertica (perch)  / passus (pace)  / pes sestertius  / gradus (step)  / cubitus (cubit)  / palmipes  / pes (foot)  / palmus major (palm length)  / palmus (palm width)  / uncia (inch)  / pollex (thumb)  / digitus (finger)
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linie to cubit
linie to span
linie to handbreadth
linie to etzbah
Units: cubit  / span  / handbreadth  / etzbah
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Old Spanish

In various provinces of Spain diferent variations of units were used. The conversions below use Castilian system. Although most of these units are now obsolete, some can still be used today in the countries of Latin America.
linie to legua de por grado (league of the degree)
linie to legua marina (nautical)
linie to legua
linie to milla marina (nautical)
linie to milla
linie to cuerda of Valencia
linie to cuerda
linie to estadal
linie to braza
linie to paso
linie to vara
linie to codo de ribera
linie to codo
linie to pie
linie to palmo
linie to coto
linie to pulgada
linie to linea
linie to punto
Units: legua de por grado (league of the degree)  / legua marina (nautical)  / legua  / milla marina (nautical)  / milla  / cuerda of Valencia  / cuerda  / estadal  / braza  / paso  / vara  / codo de ribera  / codo  / pie  / palmo  / coto  / pulgada  / linea  / punto
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Old Portuguese

These units were used in Portugal, Brazil and other countries of the Portuguese Empire until the adoption of the metric system in 19th century.
linie to braça
linie to toesa
linie to passo geométrico
linie to vara
linie to côvado
linie to pé
linie to palmo de craveira
linie to polegada
linie to linha
linie to ponto
Units: braça  / toesa  / passo geométrico  / vara  / côvado  /  / palmo de craveira  / polegada  / linha  / ponto
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Old French

There were many local variations; the following are Quebec and Paris definitions
linie to lieue commune
linie to lieue marine
linie to lieue de post
linie to lieue metrique
linie to arpent
linie to perche
linie to toise
linie to pied [foot]
linie to pouce [inch]
linie to ligne
Units: lieue commune  / lieue marine  / lieue de post  / lieue metrique  / arpent  / perche  / toise  / pied [foot]  / pouce [inch]  / ligne
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Old Russian

linie to mile
linie to verst
linie to mezhevaya verst
linie to kosaya sazhen
linie to sazhen
linie to makhovaya sazhen
linie to arshin
linie to ell
linie to foot
linie to pyad
linie to vershok
linie to inch
linie to line
Units: mile  / verst  / mezhevaya verst  / kosaya sazhen  / sazhen  / makhovaya sazhen  / arshin  / ell  / foot  / pyad  / vershok  / inch  / line
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Old German (Prussian)

These units were used before adoption of metric system in 1872.
linie to meile
linie to ruthe
linie to elle
linie to fuss
linie to zoll
Units: meile  / ruthe  / elle  / fuss  / zoll  /
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Old Austrian

These units were used before adoption of metric system in 1871.
linie to meile
linie to ruthe
linie to klafner
linie to fuss
linie to zoll
linie to linie
linie to punkt
Units: meile  / ruthe  / klafner  / fuss  / zoll  / linie  / punkt
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Old Swedish

Common measurement system was introduced in Sweden by law in 1665. Since then the system was slightly altered twice: in 1735 and 1855. Sweden switched to metric system in 1889.
linie to nymil (new mile, used since 1889 till now)
linie to mil (mile)
linie to fjärdingsväg
linie to rev before 1855
linie to rev after 1855
linie to stång
linie to famn (fanthom)
linie to aln (forealrm)
linie to fot (foot)
linie to kvarter
linie to tvärhand (hand)
linie to tum (thumb or inch) before 1855
linie to tum (thumb or inch) after 1855
linie to linje (line) before 1855
linie to linje (line) after 1855
Units: nymil (new mile, used since 1889 till now)  / mil (mile)  / fjärdingsväg  / rev before 1855  / rev after 1855  / stång  / famn (fanthom)  / aln (forealrm)  / fot (foot)  / kvarter  / tvärhand (hand)  / tum (thumb or inch) before 1855  / tum (thumb or inch) after 1855  / linje (line) before 1855  / linje (line) after 1855

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