Linha. Conversion Chart

This conversion page features historical units (ancient, medieval, etc.) that are mostly no longer in use. If you are looking for units of length that are used today, including many national units of various countries, please switch to our main length conversion page.
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We only include several basic units here for you to convert historical units to contemporary ones. A more comprehensive list of metric units is available on the main length conversion page.
linha to kilometer (km)
linha to meter (m)
linha to centimeter (cm)
linha to millimeter (mm)
Units: kilometer (km)  / meter (m)  / centimeter (cm)  / millimeter (mm)
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The American System of Measures (US Customary Units)

We only include several basic units here for you to convert historical units to contemporary ones. A more comprehensive list of U.S. units is available on the main length conversion page.
linha to mile (mi)
linha to yard (yd)
linha to inch (in)
Units: mile (mi)  / yard (yd)  / foot (ft)  / inch (in)
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Ancient Egypt

It might be hard to imagine, but these units dates back to 3100 BC. Egyptian people used them 5000 years ago. These units are distant ancestors of US customary units used today.
linha to iteru (river measure)
linha to knet (rod of cord)
linha to nbiw (pole)
linha to meh niswt (royal cubit)
linha to meh nedjes (short cubit)
linha to remen
linha to djeser, bu
linha to pedj-aa (large span)
linha to pedj-sheser (small span)
linha to amem (fist)
linha to deret (hand)
linha to shesep (palm)
linha to djeba (finger)
Units: iteru (river measure)  / knet (rod of cord)  / nbiw (pole)  / meh niswt (royal cubit)  / meh nedjes (short cubit)  / remen  / djeser, bu  / pedj-aa (large span)  / pedj-sheser (small span)  / amem (fist)  / deret (hand)  / shesep (palm)  / djeba (finger)
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Ancient Greek

The values of Greek units varied according to location and epoch. Relative proportions though were generally the same. Greek measures were in general derived from measurement system of Ancient Egypt.
linha to schoinos (σχοινός)
linha to parasanges (παρασάγγες, league)
linha to dolichos (δόλιχος)
linha to milion (μίλιον)
linha to hippikon (ἱππικόν)
linha to diaulos (δίαυλος)
linha to στάδιον, stadion
linha to stadium olympic
linha to stadium attic
linha to stadium ptolemey
linha to plethron (πλέθρον)
linha to hamma (ἅμμα)
linha to dekapous (δεκάπους)
linha to akaina (ἄκαινα)
linha to kalamos (κάλαμος)
linha to orgyia (ὄργυια, fathom)
linha to diploun bēma (διπλοῦν βῆμα, double pace)
linha to haploun bēma (ἁπλοῦν βῆμα, single pace)
linha to pēchys (πῆχυς, elbow)
linha to pygōn (πυγών)
linha to pygmē (πυγμή, forearm)
linha to pous (πούς, foot)
linha to spithamē (σπιθαμή, span of all fingers)
linha to orthodōron (ὀρθόδωρον, wrist to the tip of meddle finger)
linha to lichas (λιχάς)
linha to hemipodion (ἡμιπόδιον)
linha to dichas (διχάς, midfoot)
linha to dōron (δῶρον)
linha to palaiste (παλαιστή, palm)
linha to kondylos (κόνδυλος, two fingers)
linha to daktylos (δάκτυλος, finger)
Units: schoinos (σχοινός)  / parasanges (παρασάγγες, league)  / dolichos (δόλιχος)  / milion (μίλιον)  / hippikon (ἱππικόν)  / diaulos (δίαυλος)  / στάδιον, stadion  / stadium olympic  / stadium attic  / stadium ptolemey  / plethron (πλέθρον)  / hamma (ἅμμα)  / dekapous (δεκάπους)  / akaina (ἄκαινα)  / kalamos (κάλαμος)  / orgyia (ὄργυια, fathom)  / diploun bēma (διπλοῦν βῆμα, double pace)  / haploun bēma (ἁπλοῦν βῆμα, single pace)  / pēchys (πῆχυς, elbow)  / pygōn (πυγών)  / pygmē (πυγμή, forearm)  / pous (πούς, foot)  / spithamē (σπιθαμή, span of all fingers)  / orthodōron (ὀρθόδωρον, wrist to the tip of meddle finger)  / lichas (λιχάς)  / hemipodion (ἡμιπόδιον)  / dichas (διχάς, midfoot)  / dōron (δῶρον)  / palaiste (παλαιστή, palm)  / kondylos (κόνδυλος, two fingers)  / daktylos (δάκτυλος, finger)
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Ancient Roman

Roman length units were very well defined. The value of the base unit pes (foot) was discovered by John Greaves in 1639 after he made a lot of measurements in the ruins of Rome. Since then we know that the value of one pes was between 0.967 and 0.986 English feet. An accepted modern value is 296 mm. For most Roman units below we give an English equivalent in parentheses.
linha to schœnus (rush rope)
linha to leuga (league)
linha to mille passus (mile)
linha to stadium (stade, furlong)
linha to actus
linha to decempeda
linha to pertica (perch)
linha to passus (pace)
linha to pes sestertius
linha to gradus (step)
linha to cubitus (cubit)
linha to palmipes
linha to pes (foot)
linha to palmus major (palm length)
linha to palmus (palm width)
linha to uncia (inch)
linha to pollex (thumb)
linha to digitus (finger)
Units: schœnus (rush rope)  / leuga (league)  / mille passus (mile)  / stadium (stade, furlong)  / actus  / decempeda  / pertica (perch)  / passus (pace)  / pes sestertius  / gradus (step)  / cubitus (cubit)  / palmipes  / pes (foot)  / palmus major (palm length)  / palmus (palm width)  / uncia (inch)  / pollex (thumb)  / digitus (finger)
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linha to cubit
linha to span
linha to handbreadth
linha to etzbah
Units: cubit  / span  / handbreadth  / etzbah
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Old Spanish

In various provinces of Spain diferent variations of units were used. The conversions below use Castilian system. Although most of these units are now obsolete, some can still be used today in the countries of Latin America.
linha to legua de por grado (league of the degree)
linha to legua marina (nautical)
linha to legua
linha to milla marina (nautical)
linha to milla
linha to cuerda of Valencia
linha to cuerda
linha to estadal
linha to braza
linha to paso
linha to vara
linha to codo de ribera
linha to codo
linha to pie
linha to palmo
linha to coto
linha to pulgada
linha to linea
linha to punto
Units: legua de por grado (league of the degree)  / legua marina (nautical)  / legua  / milla marina (nautical)  / milla  / cuerda of Valencia  / cuerda  / estadal  / braza  / paso  / vara  / codo de ribera  / codo  / pie  / palmo  / coto  / pulgada  / linea  / punto
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Old Portuguese

These units were used in Portugal, Brazil and other countries of the Portuguese Empire until the adoption of the metric system in 19th century.
linha to braça
linha to toesa
linha to passo geométrico
linha to vara
linha to côvado
linha to pé
linha to palmo de craveira
linha to polegada
linha to ponto
Units: braça  / toesa  / passo geométrico  / vara  / côvado  /  / palmo de craveira  / polegada  /  / ponto
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Old French

There were many local variations; the following are Quebec and Paris definitions
linha to lieue commune
linha to lieue marine
linha to lieue de post
linha to lieue metrique
linha to arpent
linha to perche
linha to toise
linha to pied [foot]
linha to pouce [inch]
linha to ligne
Units: lieue commune  / lieue marine  / lieue de post  / lieue metrique  / arpent  / perche  / toise  / pied [foot]  / pouce [inch]  / ligne
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Old Russian

linha to mile
linha to verst
linha to mezhevaya verst
linha to kosaya sazhen
linha to sazhen
linha to makhovaya sazhen
linha to arshin
linha to ell
linha to foot
linha to pyad
linha to vershok
linha to inch
linha to line
Units: mile  / verst  / mezhevaya verst  / kosaya sazhen  / sazhen  / makhovaya sazhen  / arshin  / ell  / foot  / pyad  / vershok  / inch  / line
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Old German (Prussian)

These units were used before adoption of metric system in 1872.
linha to meile
linha to ruthe
linha to elle
linha to fuss
linha to zoll
linha to linie
Units: meile  / ruthe  / elle  / fuss  / zoll  / linie
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Old Austrian

These units were used before adoption of metric system in 1871.
linha to meile
linha to ruthe
linha to klafner
linha to fuss
linha to zoll
linha to linie
linha to punkt
Units: meile  / ruthe  / klafner  / fuss  / zoll  / linie  / punkt
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Old Swedish

Common measurement system was introduced in Sweden by law in 1665. Since then the system was slightly altered twice: in 1735 and 1855. Sweden switched to metric system in 1889.
linha to nymil (new mile, used since 1889 till now)
linha to mil (mile)
linha to fjärdingsväg
linha to rev before 1855
linha to rev after 1855
linha to stång
linha to famn (fanthom)
linha to aln (forealrm)
linha to fot (foot)
linha to kvarter
linha to tvärhand (hand)
linha to tum (thumb or inch) before 1855
linha to tum (thumb or inch) after 1855
linha to linje (line) before 1855
linha to linje (line) after 1855
Units: nymil (new mile, used since 1889 till now)  / mil (mile)  / fjärdingsväg  / rev before 1855  / rev after 1855  / stång  / famn (fanthom)  / aln (forealrm)  / fot (foot)  / kvarter  / tvärhand (hand)  / tum (thumb or inch) before 1855  / tum (thumb or inch) after 1855  / linje (line) before 1855  / linje (line) after 1855

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