Ponto. Conversion Chart

This conversion page features historical units (ancient, medieval, etc.) that are mostly no longer in use. If you are looking for units of length that are used today, including many national units of various countries, please switch to our main length conversion page.
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1This is a conversion chart for ponto (Old Portuguese). To switch the unit simply find the one you want on the page and click it.
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Number of significat figures

Do you want rounded off figures or scientifically precise ones? For everyday conversions we recommend choosing 3 or 4 significant digits. If you want maximum precision, set the number to 9

Digit groups separator

Choose how you want to have your digit groups separated in long numbers:

1234567.89none
1 234 567.89space
1,234,567.89comma
1.234.567,89point

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Metric

We only include several basic units here for you to convert historical units to contemporary ones. A more comprehensive list of metric units is available on the main length conversion page.
ponto to kilometer (km)
ponto to meter (m)
ponto to centimeter (cm)
ponto to millimeter (mm)
Units: kilometer (km)  / meter (m)  / centimeter (cm)  / millimeter (mm)
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The American System of Measures (US Customary Units)

We only include several basic units here for you to convert historical units to contemporary ones. A more comprehensive list of U.S. units is available on the main length conversion page.
ponto to mile (mi)
ponto to yard (yd)
ponto to inch (in)
Units: mile (mi)  / yard (yd)  / foot (ft)  / inch (in)
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Ancient Egypt

It might be hard to imagine, but these units dates back to 3100 BC. Egyptian people used them 5000 years ago. These units are distant ancestors of US customary units used today.
ponto to iteru (river measure)
ponto to knet (rod of cord)
ponto to nbiw (pole)
ponto to meh niswt (royal cubit)
ponto to meh nedjes (short cubit)
ponto to remen
ponto to djeser, bu
ponto to pedj-aa (large span)
ponto to pedj-sheser (small span)
ponto to amem (fist)
ponto to deret (hand)
ponto to shesep (palm)
ponto to djeba (finger)
Units: iteru (river measure)  / knet (rod of cord)  / nbiw (pole)  / meh niswt (royal cubit)  / meh nedjes (short cubit)  / remen  / djeser, bu  / pedj-aa (large span)  / pedj-sheser (small span)  / amem (fist)  / deret (hand)  / shesep (palm)  / djeba (finger)
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Ancient Greek

The values of Greek units varied according to location and epoch. Relative proportions though were generally the same. Greek measures were in general derived from measurement system of Ancient Egypt.
ponto to schoinos (σχοινός)
ponto to parasanges (παρασάγγες, league)
ponto to dolichos (δόλιχος)
ponto to milion (μίλιον)
ponto to hippikon (ἱππικόν)
ponto to diaulos (δίαυλος)
ponto to στάδιον, stadion
ponto to stadium olympic
ponto to stadium attic
ponto to stadium ptolemey
ponto to plethron (πλέθρον)
ponto to hamma (ἅμμα)
ponto to dekapous (δεκάπους)
ponto to akaina (ἄκαινα)
ponto to kalamos (κάλαμος)
ponto to orgyia (ὄργυια, fathom)
ponto to diploun bēma (διπλοῦν βῆμα, double pace)
ponto to haploun bēma (ἁπλοῦν βῆμα, single pace)
ponto to pēchys (πῆχυς, elbow)
ponto to pygōn (πυγών)
ponto to pygmē (πυγμή, forearm)
ponto to pous (πούς, foot)
ponto to spithamē (σπιθαμή, span of all fingers)
ponto to orthodōron (ὀρθόδωρον, wrist to the tip of meddle finger)
ponto to lichas (λιχάς)
ponto to hemipodion (ἡμιπόδιον)
ponto to dichas (διχάς, midfoot)
ponto to dōron (δῶρον)
ponto to palaiste (παλαιστή, palm)
ponto to kondylos (κόνδυλος, two fingers)
ponto to daktylos (δάκτυλος, finger)
Units: schoinos (σχοινός)  / parasanges (παρασάγγες, league)  / dolichos (δόλιχος)  / milion (μίλιον)  / hippikon (ἱππικόν)  / diaulos (δίαυλος)  / στάδιον, stadion  / stadium olympic  / stadium attic  / stadium ptolemey  / plethron (πλέθρον)  / hamma (ἅμμα)  / dekapous (δεκάπους)  / akaina (ἄκαινα)  / kalamos (κάλαμος)  / orgyia (ὄργυια, fathom)  / diploun bēma (διπλοῦν βῆμα, double pace)  / haploun bēma (ἁπλοῦν βῆμα, single pace)  / pēchys (πῆχυς, elbow)  / pygōn (πυγών)  / pygmē (πυγμή, forearm)  / pous (πούς, foot)  / spithamē (σπιθαμή, span of all fingers)  / orthodōron (ὀρθόδωρον, wrist to the tip of meddle finger)  / lichas (λιχάς)  / hemipodion (ἡμιπόδιον)  / dichas (διχάς, midfoot)  / dōron (δῶρον)  / palaiste (παλαιστή, palm)  / kondylos (κόνδυλος, two fingers)  / daktylos (δάκτυλος, finger)
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Ancient Roman

Roman length units were very well defined. The value of the base unit pes (foot) was discovered by John Greaves in 1639 after he made a lot of measurements in the ruins of Rome. Since then we know that the value of one pes was between 0.967 and 0.986 English feet. An accepted modern value is 296 mm. For most Roman units below we give an English equivalent in parentheses.
ponto to schœnus (rush rope)
ponto to leuga (league)
ponto to mille passus (mile)
ponto to stadium (stade, furlong)
ponto to actus
ponto to decempeda
ponto to pertica (perch)
ponto to passus (pace)
ponto to pes sestertius
ponto to gradus (step)
ponto to cubitus (cubit)
ponto to palmipes
ponto to pes (foot)
ponto to palmus major (palm length)
ponto to palmus (palm width)
ponto to uncia (inch)
ponto to pollex (thumb)
ponto to digitus (finger)
Units: schœnus (rush rope)  / leuga (league)  / mille passus (mile)  / stadium (stade, furlong)  / actus  / decempeda  / pertica (perch)  / passus (pace)  / pes sestertius  / gradus (step)  / cubitus (cubit)  / palmipes  / pes (foot)  / palmus major (palm length)  / palmus (palm width)  / uncia (inch)  / pollex (thumb)  / digitus (finger)
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Biblical

ponto to cubit
ponto to span
ponto to handbreadth
ponto to etzbah
Units: cubit  / span  / handbreadth  / etzbah
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Old Spanish

In various provinces of Spain diferent variations of units were used. The conversions below use Castilian system. Although most of these units are now obsolete, some can still be used today in the countries of Latin America.
ponto to legua de por grado (league of the degree)
ponto to legua marina (nautical)
ponto to legua
ponto to milla marina (nautical)
ponto to milla
ponto to cuerda of Valencia
ponto to cuerda
ponto to estadal
ponto to braza
ponto to paso
ponto to vara
ponto to codo de ribera
ponto to codo
ponto to pie
ponto to palmo
ponto to coto
ponto to pulgada
ponto to linea
ponto to punto
Units: legua de por grado (league of the degree)  / legua marina (nautical)  / legua  / milla marina (nautical)  / milla  / cuerda of Valencia  / cuerda  / estadal  / braza  / paso  / vara  / codo de ribera  / codo  / pie  / palmo  / coto  / pulgada  / linea  / punto
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Old Portuguese

These units were used in Portugal, Brazil and other countries of the Portuguese Empire until the adoption of the metric system in 19th century.
ponto to braça
ponto to toesa
ponto to passo geométrico
ponto to vara
ponto to côvado
ponto to pé
ponto to palmo de craveira
ponto to polegada
ponto to linha
Units: braça  / toesa  / passo geométrico  / vara  / côvado  /  / palmo de craveira  / polegada  / linha  /
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Old French

There were many local variations; the following are Quebec and Paris definitions
ponto to lieue commune
ponto to lieue marine
ponto to lieue de post
ponto to lieue metrique
ponto to arpent
ponto to perche
ponto to toise
ponto to pied [foot]
ponto to pouce [inch]
ponto to ligne
Units: lieue commune  / lieue marine  / lieue de post  / lieue metrique  / arpent  / perche  / toise  / pied [foot]  / pouce [inch]  / ligne
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Old Russian

ponto to mile
ponto to verst
ponto to mezhevaya verst
ponto to kosaya sazhen
ponto to sazhen
ponto to makhovaya sazhen
ponto to arshin
ponto to ell
ponto to foot
ponto to pyad
ponto to vershok
ponto to inch
ponto to line
Units: mile  / verst  / mezhevaya verst  / kosaya sazhen  / sazhen  / makhovaya sazhen  / arshin  / ell  / foot  / pyad  / vershok  / inch  / line
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Old German (Prussian)

These units were used before adoption of metric system in 1872.
ponto to meile
ponto to ruthe
ponto to elle
ponto to fuss
ponto to zoll
ponto to linie
Units: meile  / ruthe  / elle  / fuss  / zoll  / linie
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Old Austrian

These units were used before adoption of metric system in 1871.
ponto to meile
ponto to ruthe
ponto to klafner
ponto to fuss
ponto to zoll
ponto to linie
ponto to punkt
Units: meile  / ruthe  / klafner  / fuss  / zoll  / linie  / punkt
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Old Swedish

Common measurement system was introduced in Sweden by law in 1665. Since then the system was slightly altered twice: in 1735 and 1855. Sweden switched to metric system in 1889.
ponto to nymil (new mile, used since 1889 till now)
ponto to mil (mile)
ponto to fjärdingsväg
ponto to rev before 1855
ponto to rev after 1855
ponto to stång
ponto to famn (fanthom)
ponto to aln (forealrm)
ponto to fot (foot)
ponto to kvarter
ponto to tvärhand (hand)
ponto to tum (thumb or inch) before 1855
ponto to tum (thumb or inch) after 1855
ponto to linje (line) before 1855
ponto to linje (line) after 1855
Units: nymil (new mile, used since 1889 till now)  / mil (mile)  / fjärdingsväg  / rev before 1855  / rev after 1855  / stång  / famn (fanthom)  / aln (forealrm)  / fot (foot)  / kvarter  / tvärhand (hand)  / tum (thumb or inch) before 1855  / tum (thumb or inch) after 1855  / linje (line) before 1855  / linje (line) after 1855

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