Palmus Major (palm Length). Conversion Chart

This conversion page features historical units (ancient, medieval, etc.) that are mostly no longer in use. If you are looking for units of length that are used today, including many national units of various countries, please switch to our main length conversion page.
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Metric

We only include several basic units here for you to convert historical units to contemporary ones. A more comprehensive list of metric units is available on the main length conversion page.
palmus major (palm length) to kilometer (km)
palmus major (palm length) to meter (m)
palmus major (palm length) to centimeter (cm)
palmus major (palm length) to millimeter (mm)
Units: kilometer (km)  / meter (m)  / centimeter (cm)  / millimeter (mm)
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The American System of Measures (US Customary Units)

We only include several basic units here for you to convert historical units to contemporary ones. A more comprehensive list of U.S. units is available on the main length conversion page.
palmus major (palm length) to mile (mi)
palmus major (palm length) to yard (yd)
palmus major (palm length) to inch (in)
Units: mile (mi)  / yard (yd)  / foot (ft)  / inch (in)
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Ancient Egypt

It might be hard to imagine, but these units dates back to 3100 BC. Egyptian people used them 5000 years ago. These units are distant ancestors of US customary units used today.
palmus major (palm length) to iteru (river measure)
palmus major (palm length) to knet (rod of cord)
palmus major (palm length) to nbiw (pole)
palmus major (palm length) to meh niswt (royal cubit)
palmus major (palm length) to meh nedjes (short cubit)
palmus major (palm length) to remen
palmus major (palm length) to djeser, bu
palmus major (palm length) to pedj-aa (large span)
palmus major (palm length) to pedj-sheser (small span)
palmus major (palm length) to amem (fist)
palmus major (palm length) to deret (hand)
palmus major (palm length) to shesep (palm)
palmus major (palm length) to djeba (finger)
Units: iteru (river measure)  / knet (rod of cord)  / nbiw (pole)  / meh niswt (royal cubit)  / meh nedjes (short cubit)  / remen  / djeser, bu  / pedj-aa (large span)  / pedj-sheser (small span)  / amem (fist)  / deret (hand)  / shesep (palm)  / djeba (finger)
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Ancient Greek

The values of Greek units varied according to location and epoch. Relative proportions though were generally the same. Greek measures were in general derived from measurement system of Ancient Egypt.
palmus major (palm length) to schoinos (σχοινός)
palmus major (palm length) to parasanges (παρασάγγες, league)
palmus major (palm length) to dolichos (δόλιχος)
palmus major (palm length) to milion (μίλιον)
palmus major (palm length) to hippikon (ἱππικόν)
palmus major (palm length) to diaulos (δίαυλος)
palmus major (palm length) to στάδιον, stadion
palmus major (palm length) to stadium olympic
palmus major (palm length) to stadium attic
palmus major (palm length) to stadium ptolemey
palmus major (palm length) to plethron (πλέθρον)
palmus major (palm length) to hamma (ἅμμα)
palmus major (palm length) to dekapous (δεκάπους)
palmus major (palm length) to akaina (ἄκαινα)
palmus major (palm length) to kalamos (κάλαμος)
palmus major (palm length) to orgyia (ὄργυια, fathom)
palmus major (palm length) to diploun bēma (διπλοῦν βῆμα, double pace)
palmus major (palm length) to haploun bēma (ἁπλοῦν βῆμα, single pace)
palmus major (palm length) to pēchys (πῆχυς, elbow)
palmus major (palm length) to pygōn (πυγών)
palmus major (palm length) to pygmē (πυγμή, forearm)
palmus major (palm length) to pous (πούς, foot)
palmus major (palm length) to spithamē (σπιθαμή, span of all fingers)
palmus major (palm length) to orthodōron (ὀρθόδωρον, wrist to the tip of meddle finger)
palmus major (palm length) to lichas (λιχάς)
palmus major (palm length) to hemipodion (ἡμιπόδιον)
palmus major (palm length) to dichas (διχάς, midfoot)
palmus major (palm length) to dōron (δῶρον)
palmus major (palm length) to palaiste (παλαιστή, palm)
palmus major (palm length) to kondylos (κόνδυλος, two fingers)
palmus major (palm length) to daktylos (δάκτυλος, finger)
Units: schoinos (σχοινός)  / parasanges (παρασάγγες, league)  / dolichos (δόλιχος)  / milion (μίλιον)  / hippikon (ἱππικόν)  / diaulos (δίαυλος)  / στάδιον, stadion  / stadium olympic  / stadium attic  / stadium ptolemey  / plethron (πλέθρον)  / hamma (ἅμμα)  / dekapous (δεκάπους)  / akaina (ἄκαινα)  / kalamos (κάλαμος)  / orgyia (ὄργυια, fathom)  / diploun bēma (διπλοῦν βῆμα, double pace)  / haploun bēma (ἁπλοῦν βῆμα, single pace)  / pēchys (πῆχυς, elbow)  / pygōn (πυγών)  / pygmē (πυγμή, forearm)  / pous (πούς, foot)  / spithamē (σπιθαμή, span of all fingers)  / orthodōron (ὀρθόδωρον, wrist to the tip of meddle finger)  / lichas (λιχάς)  / hemipodion (ἡμιπόδιον)  / dichas (διχάς, midfoot)  / dōron (δῶρον)  / palaiste (παλαιστή, palm)  / kondylos (κόνδυλος, two fingers)  / daktylos (δάκτυλος, finger)
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Ancient Roman

Roman length units were very well defined. The value of the base unit pes (foot) was discovered by John Greaves in 1639 after he made a lot of measurements in the ruins of Rome. Since then we know that the value of one pes was between 0.967 and 0.986 English feet. An accepted modern value is 296 mm. For most Roman units below we give an English equivalent in parentheses.
palmus major (palm length) to schœnus (rush rope)
palmus major (palm length) to leuga (league)
palmus major (palm length) to mille passus (mile)
palmus major (palm length) to stadium (stade, furlong)
palmus major (palm length) to actus
palmus major (palm length) to decempeda
palmus major (palm length) to pertica (perch)
palmus major (palm length) to passus (pace)
palmus major (palm length) to pes sestertius
palmus major (palm length) to gradus (step)
palmus major (palm length) to cubitus (cubit)
palmus major (palm length) to palmipes
palmus major (palm length) to pes (foot)
palmus major (palm length) to palmus (palm width)
palmus major (palm length) to uncia (inch)
palmus major (palm length) to pollex (thumb)
palmus major (palm length) to digitus (finger)
Units: schœnus (rush rope)  / leuga (league)  / mille passus (mile)  / stadium (stade, furlong)  / actus  / decempeda  / pertica (perch)  / passus (pace)  / pes sestertius  / gradus (step)  / cubitus (cubit)  / palmipes  / pes (foot)  /  / palmus (palm width)  / uncia (inch)  / pollex (thumb)  / digitus (finger)
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Old Spanish

In various provinces of Spain diferent variations of units were used. The conversions below use Castilian system. Although most of these units are now obsolete, some can still be used today in the countries of Latin America.
palmus major (palm length) to legua de por grado (league of the degree)
palmus major (palm length) to legua marina (nautical)
palmus major (palm length) to legua
palmus major (palm length) to milla marina (nautical)
palmus major (palm length) to milla
palmus major (palm length) to cuerda of Valencia
palmus major (palm length) to cuerda
palmus major (palm length) to estadal
palmus major (palm length) to braza
palmus major (palm length) to paso
palmus major (palm length) to vara
palmus major (palm length) to codo de ribera
palmus major (palm length) to codo
palmus major (palm length) to pie
palmus major (palm length) to palmo
palmus major (palm length) to coto
palmus major (palm length) to pulgada
palmus major (palm length) to linea
palmus major (palm length) to punto
Units: legua de por grado (league of the degree)  / legua marina (nautical)  / legua  / milla marina (nautical)  / milla  / cuerda of Valencia  / cuerda  / estadal  / braza  / paso  / vara  / codo de ribera  / codo  / pie  / palmo  / coto  / pulgada  / linea  / punto
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Old Portuguese

These units were used in Portugal, Brazil and other countries of the Portuguese Empire until the adoption of the metric system in 19th century.
palmus major (palm length) to braça
palmus major (palm length) to toesa
palmus major (palm length) to passo geométrico
palmus major (palm length) to vara
palmus major (palm length) to côvado
palmus major (palm length) to pé
palmus major (palm length) to palmo de craveira
palmus major (palm length) to polegada
palmus major (palm length) to linha
palmus major (palm length) to ponto
Units: braça  / toesa  / passo geométrico  / vara  / côvado  /  / palmo de craveira  / polegada  / linha  / ponto
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Old French

There were many local variations; the following are Quebec and Paris definitions
palmus major (palm length) to lieue commune
palmus major (palm length) to lieue marine
palmus major (palm length) to lieue de post
palmus major (palm length) to lieue metrique
palmus major (palm length) to arpent
palmus major (palm length) to perche
palmus major (palm length) to toise
palmus major (palm length) to pied [foot]
palmus major (palm length) to pouce [inch]
palmus major (palm length) to ligne
Units: lieue commune  / lieue marine  / lieue de post  / lieue metrique  / arpent  / perche  / toise  / pied [foot]  / pouce [inch]  / ligne
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Old German (Prussian)

These units were used before adoption of metric system in 1872.
palmus major (palm length) to meile
palmus major (palm length) to ruthe
palmus major (palm length) to elle
palmus major (palm length) to fuss
palmus major (palm length) to zoll
palmus major (palm length) to linie
Units: meile  / ruthe  / elle  / fuss  / zoll  / linie
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Old Austrian

These units were used before adoption of metric system in 1871.
palmus major (palm length) to meile
palmus major (palm length) to ruthe
palmus major (palm length) to klafner
palmus major (palm length) to fuss
palmus major (palm length) to zoll
palmus major (palm length) to linie
palmus major (palm length) to punkt
Units: meile  / ruthe  / klafner  / fuss  / zoll  / linie  / punkt
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Old Swedish

Common measurement system was introduced in Sweden by law in 1665. Since then the system was slightly altered twice: in 1735 and 1855. Sweden switched to metric system in 1889.
palmus major (palm length) to nymil (new mile, used since 1889 till now)
palmus major (palm length) to mil (mile)
palmus major (palm length) to fjärdingsväg
palmus major (palm length) to rev before 1855
palmus major (palm length) to rev after 1855
palmus major (palm length) to stång
palmus major (palm length) to famn (fanthom)
palmus major (palm length) to aln (forealrm)
palmus major (palm length) to fot (foot)
palmus major (palm length) to kvarter
palmus major (palm length) to tvärhand (hand)
palmus major (palm length) to tum (thumb or inch) before 1855
palmus major (palm length) to tum (thumb or inch) after 1855
palmus major (palm length) to linje (line) before 1855
palmus major (palm length) to linje (line) after 1855
Units: nymil (new mile, used since 1889 till now)  / mil (mile)  / fjärdingsväg  / rev before 1855  / rev after 1855  / stång  / famn (fanthom)  / aln (forealrm)  / fot (foot)  / kvarter  / tvärhand (hand)  / tum (thumb or inch) before 1855  / tum (thumb or inch) after 1855  / linje (line) before 1855  / linje (line) after 1855

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