Convert Pyad (Old Russian) to Toesa (Old Portuguese)

This conversion page features historical units (ancient, medieval, etc.) that are mostly no longer in use. If you are looking for units of length that are used today, including many national units of various countries, please switch to our main length conversion page.
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Old Russian
Old Portuguese

This page features online conversion from pyad to toesa. These units belong to different measurement systems. The first one is from Old Russian. The second one is from Old Portuguese.

If you need to convert pyad to another compatible unit, please pick the one you need on the page below. You can also switch to the converter for toesa to pyad.

Other Units the Values Above Are Equal To

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We only include several basic units here for you to convert historical units to contemporary ones. A more comprehensive list of metric units is available on the main length conversion page.
pyad to kilometer (km)
pyad to meter (m)
pyad to centimeter (cm)
pyad to millimeter (mm)
Units: kilometer (km)  / meter (m)  / centimeter (cm)  / millimeter (mm)
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The American System of Measures (US Customary Units)

We only include several basic units here for you to convert historical units to contemporary ones. A more comprehensive list of U.S. units is available on the main length conversion page.
pyad to mile (mi)
pyad to yard (yd)
pyad to inch (in)
Units: mile (mi)  / yard (yd)  / foot (ft)  / inch (in)
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Ancient Egypt

It might be hard to imagine, but these units dates back to 3100 BC. Egyptian people used them 5000 years ago. These units are distant ancestors of US customary units used today.
pyad to iteru (river measure)
pyad to knet (rod of cord)
pyad to nbiw (pole)
pyad to meh niswt (royal cubit)
pyad to meh nedjes (short cubit)
pyad to remen
pyad to djeser, bu
pyad to pedj-aa (large span)
pyad to pedj-sheser (small span)
pyad to amem (fist)
pyad to deret (hand)
pyad to shesep (palm)
pyad to djeba (finger)
Units: iteru (river measure)  / knet (rod of cord)  / nbiw (pole)  / meh niswt (royal cubit)  / meh nedjes (short cubit)  / remen  / djeser, bu  / pedj-aa (large span)  / pedj-sheser (small span)  / amem (fist)  / deret (hand)  / shesep (palm)  / djeba (finger)
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Ancient Greek

The values of Greek units varied according to location and epoch. Relative proportions though were generally the same. Greek measures were in general derived from measurement system of Ancient Egypt.
pyad to schoinos (σχοινός)
pyad to parasanges (παρασάγγες, league)
pyad to dolichos (δόλιχος)
pyad to milion (μίλιον)
pyad to hippikon (ἱππικόν)
pyad to diaulos (δίαυλος)
pyad to στάδιον, stadion
pyad to stadium olympic
pyad to stadium attic
pyad to stadium ptolemey
pyad to plethron (πλέθρον)
pyad to hamma (ἅμμα)
pyad to dekapous (δεκάπους)
pyad to akaina (ἄκαινα)
pyad to kalamos (κάλαμος)
pyad to orgyia (ὄργυια, fathom)
pyad to diploun bēma (διπλοῦν βῆμα, double pace)
pyad to haploun bēma (ἁπλοῦν βῆμα, single pace)
pyad to pēchys (πῆχυς, elbow)
pyad to pygōn (πυγών)
pyad to pygmē (πυγμή, forearm)
pyad to pous (πούς, foot)
pyad to spithamē (σπιθαμή, span of all fingers)
pyad to orthodōron (ὀρθόδωρον, wrist to the tip of meddle finger)
pyad to lichas (λιχάς)
pyad to hemipodion (ἡμιπόδιον)
pyad to dichas (διχάς, midfoot)
pyad to dōron (δῶρον)
pyad to palaiste (παλαιστή, palm)
pyad to kondylos (κόνδυλος, two fingers)
pyad to daktylos (δάκτυλος, finger)
Units: schoinos (σχοινός)  / parasanges (παρασάγγες, league)  / dolichos (δόλιχος)  / milion (μίλιον)  / hippikon (ἱππικόν)  / diaulos (δίαυλος)  / στάδιον, stadion  / stadium olympic  / stadium attic  / stadium ptolemey  / plethron (πλέθρον)  / hamma (ἅμμα)  / dekapous (δεκάπους)  / akaina (ἄκαινα)  / kalamos (κάλαμος)  / orgyia (ὄργυια, fathom)  / diploun bēma (διπλοῦν βῆμα, double pace)  / haploun bēma (ἁπλοῦν βῆμα, single pace)  / pēchys (πῆχυς, elbow)  / pygōn (πυγών)  / pygmē (πυγμή, forearm)  / pous (πούς, foot)  / spithamē (σπιθαμή, span of all fingers)  / orthodōron (ὀρθόδωρον, wrist to the tip of meddle finger)  / lichas (λιχάς)  / hemipodion (ἡμιπόδιον)  / dichas (διχάς, midfoot)  / dōron (δῶρον)  / palaiste (παλαιστή, palm)  / kondylos (κόνδυλος, two fingers)  / daktylos (δάκτυλος, finger)
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Ancient Roman

Roman length units were very well defined. The value of the base unit pes (foot) was discovered by John Greaves in 1639 after he made a lot of measurements in the ruins of Rome. Since then we know that the value of one pes was between 0.967 and 0.986 English feet. An accepted modern value is 296 mm. For most Roman units below we give an English equivalent in parentheses.
pyad to schœnus (rush rope)
pyad to leuga (league)
pyad to mille passus (mile)
pyad to stadium (stade, furlong)
pyad to actus
pyad to decempeda
pyad to pertica (perch)
pyad to passus (pace)
pyad to pes sestertius
pyad to gradus (step)
pyad to cubitus (cubit)
pyad to palmipes
pyad to pes (foot)
pyad to palmus major (palm length)
pyad to palmus (palm width)
pyad to uncia (inch)
pyad to pollex (thumb)
pyad to digitus (finger)
Units: schœnus (rush rope)  / leuga (league)  / mille passus (mile)  / stadium (stade, furlong)  / actus  / decempeda  / pertica (perch)  / passus (pace)  / pes sestertius  / gradus (step)  / cubitus (cubit)  / palmipes  / pes (foot)  / palmus major (palm length)  / palmus (palm width)  / uncia (inch)  / pollex (thumb)  / digitus (finger)
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pyad to cubit
pyad to span
pyad to handbreadth
pyad to etzbah
Units: cubit  / span  / handbreadth  / etzbah
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Old Spanish

In various provinces of Spain diferent variations of units were used. The conversions below use Castilian system. Although most of these units are now obsolete, some can still be used today in the countries of Latin America.
pyad to legua de por grado (league of the degree)
pyad to legua marina (nautical)
pyad to legua
pyad to milla marina (nautical)
pyad to milla
pyad to cuerda of Valencia
pyad to cuerda
pyad to estadal
pyad to braza
pyad to paso
pyad to vara
pyad to codo de ribera
pyad to codo
pyad to pie
pyad to palmo
pyad to coto
pyad to pulgada
pyad to linea
pyad to punto
Units: legua de por grado (league of the degree)  / legua marina (nautical)  / legua  / milla marina (nautical)  / milla  / cuerda of Valencia  / cuerda  / estadal  / braza  / paso  / vara  / codo de ribera  / codo  / pie  / palmo  / coto  / pulgada  / linea  / punto
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Old Portuguese

These units were used in Portugal, Brazil and other countries of the Portuguese Empire until the adoption of the metric system in 19th century.
pyad to braça
pyad to toesa
pyad to passo geométrico
pyad to vara
pyad to côvado
pyad to pé
pyad to palmo de craveira
pyad to polegada
pyad to linha
pyad to ponto
Units: braça  / toesa  / passo geométrico  / vara  / côvado  /  / palmo de craveira  / polegada  / linha  / ponto
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Old French

There were many local variations; the following are Quebec and Paris definitions
pyad to lieue commune
pyad to lieue marine
pyad to lieue de post
pyad to lieue metrique
pyad to arpent
pyad to perche
pyad to toise
pyad to pied [foot]
pyad to pouce [inch]
pyad to ligne
Units: lieue commune  / lieue marine  / lieue de post  / lieue metrique  / arpent  / perche  / toise  / pied [foot]  / pouce [inch]  / ligne
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Old Russian

pyad to mile
pyad to verst
pyad to mezhevaya verst
pyad to kosaya sazhen
pyad to sazhen
pyad to makhovaya sazhen
pyad to arshin
pyad to ell
pyad to foot
pyad to pyad
pyad to vershok
pyad to inch
pyad to line
Units: mile  / verst  / mezhevaya verst  / kosaya sazhen  / sazhen  / makhovaya sazhen  / arshin  / ell  / foot  / pyad  / vershok  / inch  / line
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Old German (Prussian)

These units were used before adoption of metric system in 1872.
pyad to meile
pyad to ruthe
pyad to elle
pyad to fuss
pyad to zoll
pyad to linie
Units: meile  / ruthe  / elle  / fuss  / zoll  / linie
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Old Austrian

These units were used before adoption of metric system in 1871.
pyad to meile
pyad to ruthe
pyad to klafner
pyad to fuss
pyad to zoll
pyad to linie
pyad to punkt
Units: meile  / ruthe  / klafner  / fuss  / zoll  / linie  / punkt
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Old Swedish

Common measurement system was introduced in Sweden by law in 1665. Since then the system was slightly altered twice: in 1735 and 1855. Sweden switched to metric system in 1889.
pyad to nymil (new mile, used since 1889 till now)
pyad to mil (mile)
pyad to fjärdingsväg
pyad to rev before 1855
pyad to rev after 1855
pyad to stång
pyad to famn (fanthom)
pyad to aln (forealrm)
pyad to fot (foot)
pyad to kvarter
pyad to tvärhand (hand)
pyad to tum (thumb or inch) before 1855
pyad to tum (thumb or inch) after 1855
pyad to linje (line) before 1855
pyad to linje (line) after 1855
Units: nymil (new mile, used since 1889 till now)  / mil (mile)  / fjärdingsväg  / rev before 1855  / rev after 1855  / stång  / famn (fanthom)  / aln (forealrm)  / fot (foot)  / kvarter  / tvärhand (hand)  / tum (thumb or inch) before 1855  / tum (thumb or inch) after 1855  / linje (line) before 1855  / linje (line) after 1855

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