Sazhen. Conversion Chart

This conversion page features historical units (ancient, medieval, etc.) that are mostly no longer in use. If you are looking for units of length that are used today, including many national units of various countries, please switch to our main length conversion page.
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Metric

We only include several basic units here for you to convert historical units to contemporary ones. A more comprehensive list of metric units is available on the main length conversion page.
sazhen to kilometer (km)
sazhen to meter (m)
sazhen to centimeter (cm)
sazhen to millimeter (mm)
Units: kilometer (km)  / meter (m)  / centimeter (cm)  / millimeter (mm)
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The American System of Measures (US Customary Units)

We only include several basic units here for you to convert historical units to contemporary ones. A more comprehensive list of U.S. units is available on the main length conversion page.
sazhen to mile (mi)
sazhen to yard (yd)
sazhen to inch (in)
Units: mile (mi)  / yard (yd)  / foot (ft)  / inch (in)
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Ancient Egypt

It might be hard to imagine, but these units dates back to 3100 BC. Egyptian people used them 5000 years ago. These units are distant ancestors of US customary units used today.
sazhen to iteru (river measure)
sazhen to knet (rod of cord)
sazhen to nbiw (pole)
sazhen to meh niswt (royal cubit)
sazhen to meh nedjes (short cubit)
sazhen to remen
sazhen to djeser, bu
sazhen to pedj-aa (large span)
sazhen to pedj-sheser (small span)
sazhen to amem (fist)
sazhen to deret (hand)
sazhen to shesep (palm)
sazhen to djeba (finger)
Units: iteru (river measure)  / knet (rod of cord)  / nbiw (pole)  / meh niswt (royal cubit)  / meh nedjes (short cubit)  / remen  / djeser, bu  / pedj-aa (large span)  / pedj-sheser (small span)  / amem (fist)  / deret (hand)  / shesep (palm)  / djeba (finger)
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Ancient Greek

The values of Greek units varied according to location and epoch. Relative proportions though were generally the same. Greek measures were in general derived from measurement system of Ancient Egypt.
sazhen to schoinos (σχοινός)
sazhen to parasanges (παρασάγγες, league)
sazhen to dolichos (δόλιχος)
sazhen to milion (μίλιον)
sazhen to hippikon (ἱππικόν)
sazhen to diaulos (δίαυλος)
sazhen to στάδιον, stadion
sazhen to stadium olympic
sazhen to stadium attic
sazhen to stadium ptolemey
sazhen to plethron (πλέθρον)
sazhen to hamma (ἅμμα)
sazhen to dekapous (δεκάπους)
sazhen to akaina (ἄκαινα)
sazhen to kalamos (κάλαμος)
sazhen to orgyia (ὄργυια, fathom)
sazhen to diploun bēma (διπλοῦν βῆμα, double pace)
sazhen to haploun bēma (ἁπλοῦν βῆμα, single pace)
sazhen to pēchys (πῆχυς, elbow)
sazhen to pygōn (πυγών)
sazhen to pygmē (πυγμή, forearm)
sazhen to pous (πούς, foot)
sazhen to spithamē (σπιθαμή, span of all fingers)
sazhen to orthodōron (ὀρθόδωρον, wrist to the tip of meddle finger)
sazhen to lichas (λιχάς)
sazhen to hemipodion (ἡμιπόδιον)
sazhen to dichas (διχάς, midfoot)
sazhen to dōron (δῶρον)
sazhen to palaiste (παλαιστή, palm)
sazhen to kondylos (κόνδυλος, two fingers)
sazhen to daktylos (δάκτυλος, finger)
Units: schoinos (σχοινός)  / parasanges (παρασάγγες, league)  / dolichos (δόλιχος)  / milion (μίλιον)  / hippikon (ἱππικόν)  / diaulos (δίαυλος)  / στάδιον, stadion  / stadium olympic  / stadium attic  / stadium ptolemey  / plethron (πλέθρον)  / hamma (ἅμμα)  / dekapous (δεκάπους)  / akaina (ἄκαινα)  / kalamos (κάλαμος)  / orgyia (ὄργυια, fathom)  / diploun bēma (διπλοῦν βῆμα, double pace)  / haploun bēma (ἁπλοῦν βῆμα, single pace)  / pēchys (πῆχυς, elbow)  / pygōn (πυγών)  / pygmē (πυγμή, forearm)  / pous (πούς, foot)  / spithamē (σπιθαμή, span of all fingers)  / orthodōron (ὀρθόδωρον, wrist to the tip of meddle finger)  / lichas (λιχάς)  / hemipodion (ἡμιπόδιον)  / dichas (διχάς, midfoot)  / dōron (δῶρον)  / palaiste (παλαιστή, palm)  / kondylos (κόνδυλος, two fingers)  / daktylos (δάκτυλος, finger)
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Ancient Roman

Roman length units were very well defined. The value of the base unit pes (foot) was discovered by John Greaves in 1639 after he made a lot of measurements in the ruins of Rome. Since then we know that the value of one pes was between 0.967 and 0.986 English feet. An accepted modern value is 296 mm. For most Roman units below we give an English equivalent in parentheses.
sazhen to schœnus (rush rope)
sazhen to leuga (league)
sazhen to mille passus (mile)
sazhen to stadium (stade, furlong)
sazhen to actus
sazhen to decempeda
sazhen to pertica (perch)
sazhen to passus (pace)
sazhen to pes sestertius
sazhen to gradus (step)
sazhen to cubitus (cubit)
sazhen to palmipes
sazhen to pes (foot)
sazhen to palmus major (palm length)
sazhen to palmus (palm width)
sazhen to uncia (inch)
sazhen to pollex (thumb)
sazhen to digitus (finger)
Units: schœnus (rush rope)  / leuga (league)  / mille passus (mile)  / stadium (stade, furlong)  / actus  / decempeda  / pertica (perch)  / passus (pace)  / pes sestertius  / gradus (step)  / cubitus (cubit)  / palmipes  / pes (foot)  / palmus major (palm length)  / palmus (palm width)  / uncia (inch)  / pollex (thumb)  / digitus (finger)
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Biblical

sazhen to cubit
sazhen to span
sazhen to handbreadth
sazhen to etzbah
Units: cubit  / span  / handbreadth  / etzbah
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Old Spanish

In various provinces of Spain diferent variations of units were used. The conversions below use Castilian system. Although most of these units are now obsolete, some can still be used today in the countries of Latin America.
sazhen to legua de por grado (league of the degree)
sazhen to legua marina (nautical)
sazhen to legua
sazhen to milla marina (nautical)
sazhen to milla
sazhen to cuerda of Valencia
sazhen to cuerda
sazhen to estadal
sazhen to braza
sazhen to paso
sazhen to vara
sazhen to codo de ribera
sazhen to codo
sazhen to pie
sazhen to palmo
sazhen to coto
sazhen to pulgada
sazhen to linea
sazhen to punto
Units: legua de por grado (league of the degree)  / legua marina (nautical)  / legua  / milla marina (nautical)  / milla  / cuerda of Valencia  / cuerda  / estadal  / braza  / paso  / vara  / codo de ribera  / codo  / pie  / palmo  / coto  / pulgada  / linea  / punto
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Old Portuguese

These units were used in Portugal, Brazil and other countries of the Portuguese Empire until the adoption of the metric system in 19th century.
sazhen to braça
sazhen to toesa
sazhen to passo geométrico
sazhen to vara
sazhen to côvado
sazhen to pé
sazhen to palmo de craveira
sazhen to polegada
sazhen to linha
sazhen to ponto
Units: braça  / toesa  / passo geométrico  / vara  / côvado  /  / palmo de craveira  / polegada  / linha  / ponto
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Old French

There were many local variations; the following are Quebec and Paris definitions
sazhen to lieue commune
sazhen to lieue marine
sazhen to lieue de post
sazhen to lieue metrique
sazhen to arpent
sazhen to perche
sazhen to toise
sazhen to pied [foot]
sazhen to pouce [inch]
sazhen to ligne
Units: lieue commune  / lieue marine  / lieue de post  / lieue metrique  / arpent  / perche  / toise  / pied [foot]  / pouce [inch]  / ligne
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Old Russian

sazhen to mile
sazhen to verst
sazhen to mezhevaya verst
sazhen to kosaya sazhen
sazhen to makhovaya sazhen
sazhen to arshin
sazhen to ell
sazhen to foot
sazhen to pyad
sazhen to vershok
sazhen to inch
sazhen to line
Units: mile  / verst  / mezhevaya verst  / kosaya sazhen  /  / makhovaya sazhen  / arshin  / ell  / foot  / pyad  / vershok  / inch  / line
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Old German (Prussian)

These units were used before adoption of metric system in 1872.
sazhen to meile
sazhen to ruthe
sazhen to elle
sazhen to fuss
sazhen to zoll
sazhen to linie
Units: meile  / ruthe  / elle  / fuss  / zoll  / linie
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Old Austrian

These units were used before adoption of metric system in 1871.
sazhen to meile
sazhen to ruthe
sazhen to klafner
sazhen to fuss
sazhen to zoll
sazhen to linie
sazhen to punkt
Units: meile  / ruthe  / klafner  / fuss  / zoll  / linie  / punkt
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Old Swedish

Common measurement system was introduced in Sweden by law in 1665. Since then the system was slightly altered twice: in 1735 and 1855. Sweden switched to metric system in 1889.
sazhen to nymil (new mile, used since 1889 till now)
sazhen to mil (mile)
sazhen to fjärdingsväg
sazhen to rev before 1855
sazhen to rev after 1855
sazhen to stång
sazhen to famn (fanthom)
sazhen to aln (forealrm)
sazhen to fot (foot)
sazhen to kvarter
sazhen to tvärhand (hand)
sazhen to tum (thumb or inch) before 1855
sazhen to tum (thumb or inch) after 1855
sazhen to linje (line) before 1855
sazhen to linje (line) after 1855
Units: nymil (new mile, used since 1889 till now)  / mil (mile)  / fjärdingsväg  / rev before 1855  / rev after 1855  / stång  / famn (fanthom)  / aln (forealrm)  / fot (foot)  / kvarter  / tvärhand (hand)  / tum (thumb or inch) before 1855  / tum (thumb or inch) after 1855  / linje (line) before 1855  / linje (line) after 1855

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