Convert Zoll (Old German (Prussian)) to Pollex (thumb) (Ancient Roman)

This conversion page features historical units (ancient, medieval, etc.) that are mostly no longer in use. If you are looking for units of length that are used today, including many national units of various countries, please switch to our main length conversion page.
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Old German (Prussian)
pollex (thumb)
Ancient Roman

This page features online conversion from zoll to pollex (thumb). These units belong to different measurement systems. The first one is from Old German (Prussian). The second one is from Ancient Roman.

If you need to convert zoll to another compatible unit, please pick the one you need on the page below. You can also switch to the converter for pollex (thumb) to zoll.

Other Units the Values Above Are Equal To

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We only include several basic units here for you to convert historical units to contemporary ones. A more comprehensive list of metric units is available on the main length conversion page.
zoll to kilometer (km)
zoll to meter (m)
zoll to centimeter (cm)
zoll to millimeter (mm)
Units: kilometer (km)  / meter (m)  / centimeter (cm)  / millimeter (mm)
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The American System of Measures (US Customary Units)

We only include several basic units here for you to convert historical units to contemporary ones. A more comprehensive list of U.S. units is available on the main length conversion page.
zoll to mile (mi)
zoll to yard (yd)
zoll to inch (in)
Units: mile (mi)  / yard (yd)  / foot (ft)  / inch (in)
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Ancient Egypt

It might be hard to imagine, but these units dates back to 3100 BC. Egyptian people used them 5000 years ago. These units are distant ancestors of US customary units used today.
zoll to iteru (river measure)
zoll to knet (rod of cord)
zoll to nbiw (pole)
zoll to meh niswt (royal cubit)
zoll to meh nedjes (short cubit)
zoll to remen
zoll to djeser, bu
zoll to pedj-aa (large span)
zoll to pedj-sheser (small span)
zoll to amem (fist)
zoll to deret (hand)
zoll to shesep (palm)
zoll to djeba (finger)
Units: iteru (river measure)  / knet (rod of cord)  / nbiw (pole)  / meh niswt (royal cubit)  / meh nedjes (short cubit)  / remen  / djeser, bu  / pedj-aa (large span)  / pedj-sheser (small span)  / amem (fist)  / deret (hand)  / shesep (palm)  / djeba (finger)
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Ancient Greek

The values of Greek units varied according to location and epoch. Relative proportions though were generally the same. Greek measures were in general derived from measurement system of Ancient Egypt.
zoll to schoinos (σχοινός)
zoll to parasanges (παρασάγγες, league)
zoll to dolichos (δόλιχος)
zoll to milion (μίλιον)
zoll to hippikon (ἱππικόν)
zoll to diaulos (δίαυλος)
zoll to στάδιον, stadion
zoll to stadium olympic
zoll to stadium attic
zoll to stadium ptolemey
zoll to plethron (πλέθρον)
zoll to hamma (ἅμμα)
zoll to dekapous (δεκάπους)
zoll to akaina (ἄκαινα)
zoll to kalamos (κάλαμος)
zoll to orgyia (ὄργυια, fathom)
zoll to diploun bēma (διπλοῦν βῆμα, double pace)
zoll to haploun bēma (ἁπλοῦν βῆμα, single pace)
zoll to pēchys (πῆχυς, elbow)
zoll to pygōn (πυγών)
zoll to pygmē (πυγμή, forearm)
zoll to pous (πούς, foot)
zoll to spithamē (σπιθαμή, span of all fingers)
zoll to orthodōron (ὀρθόδωρον, wrist to the tip of meddle finger)
zoll to lichas (λιχάς)
zoll to hemipodion (ἡμιπόδιον)
zoll to dichas (διχάς, midfoot)
zoll to dōron (δῶρον)
zoll to palaiste (παλαιστή, palm)
zoll to kondylos (κόνδυλος, two fingers)
zoll to daktylos (δάκτυλος, finger)
Units: schoinos (σχοινός)  / parasanges (παρασάγγες, league)  / dolichos (δόλιχος)  / milion (μίλιον)  / hippikon (ἱππικόν)  / diaulos (δίαυλος)  / στάδιον, stadion  / stadium olympic  / stadium attic  / stadium ptolemey  / plethron (πλέθρον)  / hamma (ἅμμα)  / dekapous (δεκάπους)  / akaina (ἄκαινα)  / kalamos (κάλαμος)  / orgyia (ὄργυια, fathom)  / diploun bēma (διπλοῦν βῆμα, double pace)  / haploun bēma (ἁπλοῦν βῆμα, single pace)  / pēchys (πῆχυς, elbow)  / pygōn (πυγών)  / pygmē (πυγμή, forearm)  / pous (πούς, foot)  / spithamē (σπιθαμή, span of all fingers)  / orthodōron (ὀρθόδωρον, wrist to the tip of meddle finger)  / lichas (λιχάς)  / hemipodion (ἡμιπόδιον)  / dichas (διχάς, midfoot)  / dōron (δῶρον)  / palaiste (παλαιστή, palm)  / kondylos (κόνδυλος, two fingers)  / daktylos (δάκτυλος, finger)
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Ancient Roman

Roman length units were very well defined. The value of the base unit pes (foot) was discovered by John Greaves in 1639 after he made a lot of measurements in the ruins of Rome. Since then we know that the value of one pes was between 0.967 and 0.986 English feet. An accepted modern value is 296 mm. For most Roman units below we give an English equivalent in parentheses.
zoll to schœnus (rush rope)
zoll to leuga (league)
zoll to mille passus (mile)
zoll to stadium (stade, furlong)
zoll to actus
zoll to decempeda
zoll to pertica (perch)
zoll to passus (pace)
zoll to pes sestertius
zoll to gradus (step)
zoll to cubitus (cubit)
zoll to palmipes
zoll to pes (foot)
zoll to palmus major (palm length)
zoll to palmus (palm width)
zoll to uncia (inch)
zoll to pollex (thumb)
zoll to digitus (finger)
Units: schœnus (rush rope)  / leuga (league)  / mille passus (mile)  / stadium (stade, furlong)  / actus  / decempeda  / pertica (perch)  / passus (pace)  / pes sestertius  / gradus (step)  / cubitus (cubit)  / palmipes  / pes (foot)  / palmus major (palm length)  / palmus (palm width)  / uncia (inch)  / pollex (thumb)  / digitus (finger)
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zoll to cubit
zoll to span
zoll to handbreadth
zoll to etzbah
Units: cubit  / span  / handbreadth  / etzbah
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Old Spanish

In various provinces of Spain diferent variations of units were used. The conversions below use Castilian system. Although most of these units are now obsolete, some can still be used today in the countries of Latin America.
zoll to legua de por grado (league of the degree)
zoll to legua marina (nautical)
zoll to legua
zoll to milla marina (nautical)
zoll to milla
zoll to cuerda of Valencia
zoll to cuerda
zoll to estadal
zoll to braza
zoll to paso
zoll to vara
zoll to codo de ribera
zoll to codo
zoll to pie
zoll to palmo
zoll to coto
zoll to pulgada
zoll to linea
zoll to punto
Units: legua de por grado (league of the degree)  / legua marina (nautical)  / legua  / milla marina (nautical)  / milla  / cuerda of Valencia  / cuerda  / estadal  / braza  / paso  / vara  / codo de ribera  / codo  / pie  / palmo  / coto  / pulgada  / linea  / punto
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Old Portuguese

These units were used in Portugal, Brazil and other countries of the Portuguese Empire until the adoption of the metric system in 19th century.
zoll to braça
zoll to toesa
zoll to passo geométrico
zoll to vara
zoll to côvado
zoll to pé
zoll to palmo de craveira
zoll to polegada
zoll to linha
zoll to ponto
Units: braça  / toesa  / passo geométrico  / vara  / côvado  /  / palmo de craveira  / polegada  / linha  / ponto
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Old French

There were many local variations; the following are Quebec and Paris definitions
zoll to lieue commune
zoll to lieue marine
zoll to lieue de post
zoll to lieue metrique
zoll to arpent
zoll to perche
zoll to toise
zoll to pied [foot]
zoll to pouce [inch]
zoll to ligne
Units: lieue commune  / lieue marine  / lieue de post  / lieue metrique  / arpent  / perche  / toise  / pied [foot]  / pouce [inch]  / ligne
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Old Russian

zoll to mile
zoll to verst
zoll to mezhevaya verst
zoll to kosaya sazhen
zoll to sazhen
zoll to makhovaya sazhen
zoll to arshin
zoll to ell
zoll to foot
zoll to pyad
zoll to vershok
zoll to inch
zoll to line
Units: mile  / verst  / mezhevaya verst  / kosaya sazhen  / sazhen  / makhovaya sazhen  / arshin  / ell  / foot  / pyad  / vershok  / inch  / line
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Old German (Prussian)

These units were used before adoption of metric system in 1872.
zoll to meile
zoll to ruthe
zoll to elle
zoll to fuss
zoll to zoll
zoll to linie
Units: meile  / ruthe  / elle  / fuss  / zoll  / linie
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Old Austrian

These units were used before adoption of metric system in 1871.
zoll to meile
zoll to ruthe
zoll to klafner
zoll to fuss
zoll to zoll
zoll to linie
zoll to punkt
Units: meile  / ruthe  / klafner  / fuss  / zoll  / linie  / punkt
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Old Swedish

Common measurement system was introduced in Sweden by law in 1665. Since then the system was slightly altered twice: in 1735 and 1855. Sweden switched to metric system in 1889.
zoll to nymil (new mile, used since 1889 till now)
zoll to mil (mile)
zoll to fjärdingsväg
zoll to rev before 1855
zoll to rev after 1855
zoll to stång
zoll to famn (fanthom)
zoll to aln (forealrm)
zoll to fot (foot)
zoll to kvarter
zoll to tvärhand (hand)
zoll to tum (thumb or inch) before 1855
zoll to tum (thumb or inch) after 1855
zoll to linje (line) before 1855
zoll to linje (line) after 1855
Units: nymil (new mile, used since 1889 till now)  / mil (mile)  / fjärdingsväg  / rev before 1855  / rev after 1855  / stång  / famn (fanthom)  / aln (forealrm)  / fot (foot)  / kvarter  / tvärhand (hand)  / tum (thumb or inch) before 1855  / tum (thumb or inch) after 1855  / linje (line) before 1855  / linje (line) after 1855

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