Ephah (איפה). Conversion Chart

This conversion page features historical units (ancient, medieval, etc.) that are mostly no longer in use. If you are looking for units of area that are used today, including many national units of various countries, please switch to our main volume conversion page.
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1This is a conversion chart for ephah (איפה) (Biblical and Talmudic Dry Measure (Old Testament)). To switch the unit simply find the one you want on the page and click it.
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Your value (ephah (איפה)):
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We only include several basic units here for you to convert historical units to contemporary ones. A more comprehensive list of metric units is available on the main volume conversion page.
ephah (איפה) to cubic meter (m³)
ephah (איפה) to cubic centimeter (cc)
ephah (איפה) to cubic millimeter (mm³)
ephah (איפה) to liter (l)
ephah (איפה) to milliliter (ml)
Units: cubic meter (m³)  / cubic centimeter (cc)  / cubic millimeter (mm³)  / liter (l)  / milliliter (ml)
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U.S. Measure

We only include several basic units here for you to convert historical units to contemporary ones. A more comprehensive list of U.S. units is available on the main volume conversion page.
ephah (איפה) to barrel (liquid)
ephah (איפה) to barrel (dry)
ephah (איפה) to bushel (bu)
ephah (איפה) to gallon (liquid) (gal)
ephah (איפה) to gallon (dry) (gal)
ephah (איפה) to pint (liquid) (pt)
ephah (איפה) to pint (dry) (pt)
ephah (איפה) to fluid ounce (oz)
Units: barrel (liquid)  / barrel (dry)  / bushel (bu)  / gallon (liquid) (gal)  / gallon (dry) (gal)  / pint (liquid) (pt)  / pint (dry) (pt)  / fluid ounce (oz)
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Ancient Greeek (Attic) Dry Measure

Greeks mostly used dry capacity units to measure grain. The basic capacity unit was the kyathos. As most ancient measures these units changed over time and varied across different regions of Grece.
ephah (איפה) to medimnos (μέδιμνος)
ephah (איפה) to hekteus (ἑκτεύς, a sixth of a medimnos)
ephah (איפה) to hēmiekton (ἡμίεκτον)
ephah (איפה) to choinix (χοῖνιξ)
ephah (איפה) to xestēs (ξέστης, Roman sextarius)
ephah (איפה) to kotylē or hēmina (κοτύλη, ἡμίνα)
ephah (איפה) to oxybathon (ὀξυβαθον)
ephah (איפה) to kyathos (κύαθος)
ephah (איפה) to kochliarion (κοχλιάριον)
Units: medimnos (μέδιμνος)  / hekteus (ἑκτεύς, a sixth of a medimnos)  / hēmiekton (ἡμίεκτον)  / choinix (χοῖνιξ)  / xestēs (ξέστης, Roman sextarius)  / kotylē or hēmina (κοτύλη, ἡμίνα)  / oxybathon (ὀξυβαθον)  / kyathos (κύαθος)  / kochliarion (κοχλιάριον)
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Ancient Greek (Attic) Liquid Measure

A common unit in both liquid and dry capacity throughout historic Greece was the cotyle or cotyla whose absolute value varied from one place to another between 210 ml and 330 ml.
ephah (איפה) to metrētēs (μετρητής, amphora)
ephah (איפה) to keramion (κεράμιον, Roman amphora)
ephah (איפה) to chous (χοῦς)
ephah (איפה) to xestēs (ξέστης, Roman sextarius)
ephah (איפה) to kotylē, tryblion or hēmina (κοτύλη, τρύβλιον, ἡμίνα)
ephah (איפה) to tetarton, hēmikotylē (τέταρτον, ἡμικοτύλη)
ephah (איפה) to oxybathon (ὀξυβαθον)
ephah (איפה) to kyathos (κύαθος)
ephah (איפה) to konchē (κόγχη)
ephah (איפה) to mystron (μύστρον)
ephah (איפה) to chēmē (χήμη)
ephah (איפה) to kochliarion (κοχλιάριον, spoon)
Units: metrētēs (μετρητής, amphora)  / keramion (κεράμιον, Roman amphora)  / chous (χοῦς)  / xestēs (ξέστης, Roman sextarius)  / kotylē, tryblion or hēmina (κοτύλη, τρύβλιον, ἡμίνα)  / tetarton, hēmikotylē (τέταρτον, ἡμικοτύλη)  / oxybathon (ὀξυβαθον)  / kyathos (κύαθος)  / konchē (κόγχη)  / mystron (μύστρον)  / chēmē (χήμη)  / kochliarion (κοχλιάριον, spoon)
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Ancient Roman Measure (Liquid and Dry)

Roman jar (amphora quadrantal) was the main unit to measure both liquids and dry substances in Roman empire. It was defined to be equal to one cubic pes (Roman foot). The weight of water to fill the amphora was roughly equal to one Greek talent, an ancient unit of weight.
ephah (איפה) to culeus (hose)
ephah (איפה) to amphora quadrantal (Roman jar, bushel)
ephah (איפה) to urna (urn)
ephah (איפה) to modius castrensis (military modius)
ephah (איפה) to modius (peck)
ephah (איפה) to semimodius (half of a modius)
ephah (איפה) to congius (a half-pes cube)
ephah (איפה) to sextarius (a sixth)
ephah (איפה) to hemina (pint)
ephah (איפה) to cotyla (cup)
ephah (איפה) to triens (one third of a sextarius)
ephah (איפה) to quartarius (quart, forth part)
ephah (איפה) to sextans (one sixth of a sextarius)
ephah (איפה) to acetabulum (small cup)
ephah (איפה) to cyathus (shot or dose)
ephah (איפה) to ligula (spoonful)
Units: culeus (hose)  / amphora quadrantal (Roman jar, bushel)  / urna (urn)  / modius castrensis (military modius)  / modius (peck)  / semimodius (half of a modius)  / congius (a half-pes cube)  / sextarius (a sixth)  / hemina (pint)  / cotyla (cup)  / triens (one third of a sextarius)  / quartarius (quart, forth part)  / sextans (one sixth of a sextarius)  / acetabulum (small cup)  / cyathus (shot or dose)  / ligula (spoonful)
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Biblical and Talmudic Dry Measure (Old Testament)

Israelite capacity measure tightly corresponded to Babylonian system. The basic unit was log (לג) that was similar to Babylonian mina.
ephah (איפה) to kor (כור)
ephah (איפה) to letek (לתך)
ephah (איפה) to se'ah (סאה)
ephah (איפה) to kav (קב)
ephah (איפה) to log (לג)
ephah (איפה) to bezah (egg-size)
ephah (איפה) to kezayit (olive-size, כְּזַיִת)
Units: kor (כור)  / letek (לתך)  /  / se'ah (סאה)  / kav (קב)  / log (לג)  / bezah (egg-size)  / kezayit (olive-size, כְּזַיִת)
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Biblical and Talmudic Liquid Measure (Old Testament)

Exact conversion for Biblical units is rarely certain. There were more units mentioned in Talmud, many of them from foreign origin, e.g. Persia or Greece. Unfortunately the capacity of those units is currently unknown.
ephah (איפה) to bath
ephah (איפה) to hin
ephah (איפה) to log
Units: bath  / hin  / log
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Old Spanish Dry Measure

ephah (איפה) to cahíz
ephah (איפה) to fanega
ephah (איפה) to cuartilla (¼ of a fanega)
ephah (איפה) to celemín
ephah (איפה) to medio
ephah (איפה) to cuartillo (¼ of a celemín)
ephah (איפה) to ochavo
Units: cahíz  / fanega  / cuartilla (¼ of a fanega)  / celemín  / medio  / cuartillo (¼ of a celemín)  / ochavo
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Old Spanish Liquid Measure

ephah (איפה) to moyo
ephah (איפה) to cántara
ephah (איפה) to arroba
ephah (איפה) to azumbre
ephah (איפה) to botella
ephah (איפה) to cuartillo
ephah (איפה) to copa
ephah (איפה) to panilla (for olive oil)
ephah (איפה) to cortadillo
Units: moyo  / cántara  / arroba  / azumbre  / botella  / cuartillo  / copa  / panilla (for olive oil)  / cortadillo
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Old Portuguese Dry Measure

ephah (איפה) to moio
ephah (איפה) to fanga
ephah (איפה) to alqueire
ephah (איפה) to quarta
ephah (איפה) to oitava
ephah (איפה) to maquia
ephah (איפה) to selamim
ephah (איפה) to meio-selamim (half-selamim)
ephah (איפה) to quarto de selamim (quarter of selamim)
Units: moio  / fanga  / alqueire  / quarta  / oitava  / maquia  / selamim  / meio-selamim (half-selamim)  / quarto de selamim (quarter of selamim)
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Old Portuguese Liquid Measure

ephah (איפה) to tonel
ephah (איפה) to pipa
ephah (איפה) to almude
ephah (איפה) to cântaro
ephah (איפה) to pote
ephah (איפה) to canada
ephah (איפה) to quartilho
ephah (איפה) to meio-quartilho (half-quartilho)
ephah (איפה) to quarto de quartilho (quarter of quartilho)
Units: tonel  / pipa  / almude  / cântaro  / pote  / canada  / quartilho  / meio-quartilho (half-quartilho)  / quarto de quartilho (quarter of quartilho)
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Old French

There were many local variations; the following are Quebec and Paris definitions
ephah (איפה) to minot
ephah (איפה) to litron
Units: minot  / litron
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Old Russian Dry Measure

ephah (איפה) to cetverik (mera)
ephah (איפה) to vedro
ephah (איפה) to garnetz
Units: cetverik (mera)  / vedro  / garnetz
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Old Russian Liquid Measure

ephah (איפה) to vedro
ephah (איפה) to shtoff
ephah (איפה) to chetvert (quart)
ephah (איפה) to vine bottle
ephah (איפה) to vodka bottle
ephah (איפה) to charka
ephah (איפה) to shkalik
Units: vedro  / shtoff  / chetvert (quart)  / vine bottle  / vodka bottle  / charka  / shkalik

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