Almude. Conversion Chart

This conversion page features historical units (ancient, medieval, etc.) that are mostly no longer in use. If you are looking for units of area that are used today, including many national units of various countries, please switch to our main volume conversion page.
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1This is a conversion chart for almude (Old Portuguese Liquid Measure). To switch the unit simply find the one you want on the page and click it.
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2Enter the value you want to convert (almude). Then click the Convert Me button.
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Your value (almude):
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Metric

We only include several basic units here for you to convert historical units to contemporary ones. A more comprehensive list of metric units is available on the main volume conversion page.
almude to cubic meter (m³)
almude to cubic centimeter (cc)
almude to cubic millimeter (mm³)
almude to liter (l)
almude to milliliter (ml)
Units: cubic meter (m³)  / cubic centimeter (cc)  / cubic millimeter (mm³)  / liter (l)  / milliliter (ml)
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U.S. Measure

We only include several basic units here for you to convert historical units to contemporary ones. A more comprehensive list of U.S. units is available on the main volume conversion page.
almude to barrel (liquid)
almude to barrel (dry)
almude to bushel (bu)
almude to gallon (liquid) (gal)
almude to gallon (dry) (gal)
almude to pint (liquid) (pt)
almude to pint (dry) (pt)
almude to fluid ounce (oz)
Units: barrel (liquid)  / barrel (dry)  / bushel (bu)  / gallon (liquid) (gal)  / gallon (dry) (gal)  / pint (liquid) (pt)  / pint (dry) (pt)  / fluid ounce (oz)
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Ancient Greeek (Attic) Dry Measure

Greeks mostly used dry capacity units to measure grain. The basic capacity unit was the kyathos. As most ancient measures these units changed over time and varied across different regions of Grece.
almude to medimnos (μέδιμνος)
almude to hekteus (ἑκτεύς, a sixth of a medimnos)
almude to hēmiekton (ἡμίεκτον)
almude to choinix (χοῖνιξ)
almude to xestēs (ξέστης, Roman sextarius)
almude to kotylē or hēmina (κοτύλη, ἡμίνα)
almude to oxybathon (ὀξυβαθον)
almude to kyathos (κύαθος)
almude to kochliarion (κοχλιάριον)
Units: medimnos (μέδιμνος)  / hekteus (ἑκτεύς, a sixth of a medimnos)  / hēmiekton (ἡμίεκτον)  / choinix (χοῖνιξ)  / xestēs (ξέστης, Roman sextarius)  / kotylē or hēmina (κοτύλη, ἡμίνα)  / oxybathon (ὀξυβαθον)  / kyathos (κύαθος)  / kochliarion (κοχλιάριον)
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Ancient Greek (Attic) Liquid Measure

A common unit in both liquid and dry capacity throughout historic Greece was the cotyle or cotyla whose absolute value varied from one place to another between 210 ml and 330 ml.
almude to metrētēs (μετρητής, amphora)
almude to keramion (κεράμιον, Roman amphora)
almude to chous (χοῦς)
almude to xestēs (ξέστης, Roman sextarius)
almude to kotylē, tryblion or hēmina (κοτύλη, τρύβλιον, ἡμίνα)
almude to tetarton, hēmikotylē (τέταρτον, ἡμικοτύλη)
almude to oxybathon (ὀξυβαθον)
almude to kyathos (κύαθος)
almude to konchē (κόγχη)
almude to mystron (μύστρον)
almude to chēmē (χήμη)
almude to kochliarion (κοχλιάριον, spoon)
Units: metrētēs (μετρητής, amphora)  / keramion (κεράμιον, Roman amphora)  / chous (χοῦς)  / xestēs (ξέστης, Roman sextarius)  / kotylē, tryblion or hēmina (κοτύλη, τρύβλιον, ἡμίνα)  / tetarton, hēmikotylē (τέταρτον, ἡμικοτύλη)  / oxybathon (ὀξυβαθον)  / kyathos (κύαθος)  / konchē (κόγχη)  / mystron (μύστρον)  / chēmē (χήμη)  / kochliarion (κοχλιάριον, spoon)
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Ancient Roman Measure (Liquid and Dry)

Roman jar (amphora quadrantal) was the main unit to measure both liquids and dry substances in Roman empire. It was defined to be equal to one cubic pes (Roman foot). The weight of water to fill the amphora was roughly equal to one Greek talent, an ancient unit of weight.
almude to culeus (hose)
almude to amphora quadrantal (Roman jar, bushel)
almude to urna (urn)
almude to modius castrensis (military modius)
almude to modius (peck)
almude to semimodius (half of a modius)
almude to congius (a half-pes cube)
almude to sextarius (a sixth)
almude to hemina (pint)
almude to cotyla (cup)
almude to triens (one third of a sextarius)
almude to quartarius (quart, forth part)
almude to sextans (one sixth of a sextarius)
almude to acetabulum (small cup)
almude to cyathus (shot or dose)
almude to ligula (spoonful)
Units: culeus (hose)  / amphora quadrantal (Roman jar, bushel)  / urna (urn)  / modius castrensis (military modius)  / modius (peck)  / semimodius (half of a modius)  / congius (a half-pes cube)  / sextarius (a sixth)  / hemina (pint)  / cotyla (cup)  / triens (one third of a sextarius)  / quartarius (quart, forth part)  / sextans (one sixth of a sextarius)  / acetabulum (small cup)  / cyathus (shot or dose)  / ligula (spoonful)
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Biblical and Talmudic Dry Measure (Old Testament)

Israelite capacity measure tightly corresponded to Babylonian system. The basic unit was log (לג) that was similar to Babylonian mina.
almude to kor (כור)
almude to letek (לתך)
almude to ephah (איפה)
almude to se'ah (סאה)
almude to kav (קב)
almude to log (לג)
almude to bezah (egg-size)
almude to kezayit (olive-size, כְּזַיִת)
Units: kor (כור)  / letek (לתך)  / ephah (איפה)  / se'ah (סאה)  / kav (קב)  / log (לג)  / bezah (egg-size)  / kezayit (olive-size, כְּזַיִת)
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Biblical and Talmudic Liquid Measure (Old Testament)

Exact conversion for Biblical units is rarely certain. There were more units mentioned in Talmud, many of them from foreign origin, e.g. Persia or Greece. Unfortunately the capacity of those units is currently unknown.
almude to bath
almude to hin
almude to log
Units: bath  / hin  / log
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Old Spanish Dry Measure

almude to cahíz
almude to fanega
almude to cuartilla (¼ of a fanega)
almude to celemín
almude to medio
almude to cuartillo (¼ of a celemín)
almude to ochavo
Units: cahíz  / fanega  / cuartilla (¼ of a fanega)  / celemín  / medio  / cuartillo (¼ of a celemín)  / ochavo
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Old Spanish Liquid Measure

almude to moyo
almude to cántara
almude to arroba
almude to azumbre
almude to botella
almude to cuartillo
almude to copa
almude to panilla (for olive oil)
almude to cortadillo
Units: moyo  / cántara  / arroba  / azumbre  / botella  / cuartillo  / copa  / panilla (for olive oil)  / cortadillo
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Old Portuguese Dry Measure

almude to moio
almude to fanga
almude to alqueire
almude to quarta
almude to oitava
almude to maquia
almude to selamim
almude to meio-selamim (half-selamim)
almude to quarto de selamim (quarter of selamim)
Units: moio  / fanga  / alqueire  / quarta  / oitava  / maquia  / selamim  / meio-selamim (half-selamim)  / quarto de selamim (quarter of selamim)
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Old Portuguese Liquid Measure

almude to tonel
almude to pipa
almude to cântaro
almude to pote
almude to canada
almude to quartilho
almude to meio-quartilho (half-quartilho)
almude to quarto de quartilho (quarter of quartilho)
Units: tonel  / pipa  /  / cântaro  / pote  / canada  / quartilho  / meio-quartilho (half-quartilho)  / quarto de quartilho (quarter of quartilho)
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Old French

There were many local variations; the following are Quebec and Paris definitions
almude to minot
almude to litron
Units: minot  / litron
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Old Russian Dry Measure

almude to cetverik (mera)
almude to vedro
almude to garnetz
Units: cetverik (mera)  / vedro  / garnetz
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Old Russian Liquid Measure

almude to vedro
almude to shtoff
almude to chetvert (quart)
almude to vine bottle
almude to vodka bottle
almude to charka
almude to shkalik
Units: vedro  / shtoff  / chetvert (quart)  / vine bottle  / vodka bottle  / charka  / shkalik

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