Cântaro. Conversion Chart

This conversion page features historical units (ancient, medieval, etc.) that are mostly no longer in use. If you are looking for units of area that are used today, including many national units of various countries, please switch to our main volume conversion page.
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1This is a conversion chart for cântaro (Old Portuguese Liquid Measure). To switch the unit simply find the one you want on the page and click it.
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Metric

We only include several basic units here for you to convert historical units to contemporary ones. A more comprehensive list of metric units is available on the main volume conversion page.
cântaro to cubic meter (m³)
cântaro to cubic centimeter (cc)
cântaro to cubic millimeter (mm³)
cântaro to liter (l)
cântaro to milliliter (ml)
Units: cubic meter (m³)  / cubic centimeter (cc)  / cubic millimeter (mm³)  / liter (l)  / milliliter (ml)
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U.S. Measure

We only include several basic units here for you to convert historical units to contemporary ones. A more comprehensive list of U.S. units is available on the main volume conversion page.
cântaro to barrel (liquid)
cântaro to barrel (dry)
cântaro to bushel (bu)
cântaro to gallon (liquid) (gal)
cântaro to gallon (dry) (gal)
cântaro to pint (liquid) (pt)
cântaro to pint (dry) (pt)
cântaro to fluid ounce (oz)
Units: barrel (liquid)  / barrel (dry)  / bushel (bu)  / gallon (liquid) (gal)  / gallon (dry) (gal)  / pint (liquid) (pt)  / pint (dry) (pt)  / fluid ounce (oz)
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Ancient Greeek (Attic) Dry Measure

Greeks mostly used dry capacity units to measure grain. The basic capacity unit was the kyathos. As most ancient measures these units changed over time and varied across different regions of Grece.
cântaro to medimnos (μέδιμνος)
cântaro to hekteus (ἑκτεύς, a sixth of a medimnos)
cântaro to hēmiekton (ἡμίεκτον)
cântaro to choinix (χοῖνιξ)
cântaro to xestēs (ξέστης, Roman sextarius)
cântaro to kotylē or hēmina (κοτύλη, ἡμίνα)
cântaro to oxybathon (ὀξυβαθον)
cântaro to kyathos (κύαθος)
cântaro to kochliarion (κοχλιάριον)
Units: medimnos (μέδιμνος)  / hekteus (ἑκτεύς, a sixth of a medimnos)  / hēmiekton (ἡμίεκτον)  / choinix (χοῖνιξ)  / xestēs (ξέστης, Roman sextarius)  / kotylē or hēmina (κοτύλη, ἡμίνα)  / oxybathon (ὀξυβαθον)  / kyathos (κύαθος)  / kochliarion (κοχλιάριον)
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Ancient Greek (Attic) Liquid Measure

A common unit in both liquid and dry capacity throughout historic Greece was the cotyle or cotyla whose absolute value varied from one place to another between 210 ml and 330 ml.
cântaro to metrētēs (μετρητής, amphora)
cântaro to keramion (κεράμιον, Roman amphora)
cântaro to chous (χοῦς)
cântaro to xestēs (ξέστης, Roman sextarius)
cântaro to kotylē, tryblion or hēmina (κοτύλη, τρύβλιον, ἡμίνα)
cântaro to tetarton, hēmikotylē (τέταρτον, ἡμικοτύλη)
cântaro to oxybathon (ὀξυβαθον)
cântaro to kyathos (κύαθος)
cântaro to konchē (κόγχη)
cântaro to mystron (μύστρον)
cântaro to chēmē (χήμη)
cântaro to kochliarion (κοχλιάριον, spoon)
Units: metrētēs (μετρητής, amphora)  / keramion (κεράμιον, Roman amphora)  / chous (χοῦς)  / xestēs (ξέστης, Roman sextarius)  / kotylē, tryblion or hēmina (κοτύλη, τρύβλιον, ἡμίνα)  / tetarton, hēmikotylē (τέταρτον, ἡμικοτύλη)  / oxybathon (ὀξυβαθον)  / kyathos (κύαθος)  / konchē (κόγχη)  / mystron (μύστρον)  / chēmē (χήμη)  / kochliarion (κοχλιάριον, spoon)
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Ancient Roman Measure (Liquid and Dry)

Roman jar (amphora quadrantal) was the main unit to measure both liquids and dry substances in Roman empire. It was defined to be equal to one cubic pes (Roman foot). The weight of water to fill the amphora was roughly equal to one Greek talent, an ancient unit of weight.
cântaro to culeus (hose)
cântaro to amphora quadrantal (Roman jar, bushel)
cântaro to urna (urn)
cântaro to modius castrensis (military modius)
cântaro to modius (peck)
cântaro to semimodius (half of a modius)
cântaro to congius (a half-pes cube)
cântaro to sextarius (a sixth)
cântaro to hemina (pint)
cântaro to cotyla (cup)
cântaro to triens (one third of a sextarius)
cântaro to quartarius (quart, forth part)
cântaro to sextans (one sixth of a sextarius)
cântaro to acetabulum (small cup)
cântaro to cyathus (shot or dose)
cântaro to ligula (spoonful)
Units: culeus (hose)  / amphora quadrantal (Roman jar, bushel)  / urna (urn)  / modius castrensis (military modius)  / modius (peck)  / semimodius (half of a modius)  / congius (a half-pes cube)  / sextarius (a sixth)  / hemina (pint)  / cotyla (cup)  / triens (one third of a sextarius)  / quartarius (quart, forth part)  / sextans (one sixth of a sextarius)  / acetabulum (small cup)  / cyathus (shot or dose)  / ligula (spoonful)
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Biblical and Talmudic Dry Measure (Old Testament)

Israelite capacity measure tightly corresponded to Babylonian system. The basic unit was log (לג) that was similar to Babylonian mina.
cântaro to kor (כור)
cântaro to letek (לתך)
cântaro to ephah (איפה)
cântaro to se'ah (סאה)
cântaro to kav (קב)
cântaro to log (לג)
cântaro to bezah (egg-size)
cântaro to kezayit (olive-size, כְּזַיִת)
Units: kor (כור)  / letek (לתך)  / ephah (איפה)  / se'ah (סאה)  / kav (קב)  / log (לג)  / bezah (egg-size)  / kezayit (olive-size, כְּזַיִת)
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Biblical and Talmudic Liquid Measure (Old Testament)

Exact conversion for Biblical units is rarely certain. There were more units mentioned in Talmud, many of them from foreign origin, e.g. Persia or Greece. Unfortunately the capacity of those units is currently unknown.
cântaro to bath
cântaro to hin
cântaro to log
Units: bath  / hin  / log
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Old Spanish Dry Measure

cântaro to cahíz
cântaro to fanega
cântaro to cuartilla (¼ of a fanega)
cântaro to celemín
cântaro to medio
cântaro to cuartillo (¼ of a celemín)
cântaro to ochavo
Units: cahíz  / fanega  / cuartilla (¼ of a fanega)  / celemín  / medio  / cuartillo (¼ of a celemín)  / ochavo
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Old Spanish Liquid Measure

cântaro to moyo
cântaro to cántara
cântaro to arroba
cântaro to azumbre
cântaro to botella
cântaro to cuartillo
cântaro to copa
cântaro to panilla (for olive oil)
cântaro to cortadillo
Units: moyo  / cántara  / arroba  / azumbre  / botella  / cuartillo  / copa  / panilla (for olive oil)  / cortadillo
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Old Portuguese Dry Measure

cântaro to moio
cântaro to fanga
cântaro to alqueire
cântaro to quarta
cântaro to oitava
cântaro to maquia
cântaro to selamim
cântaro to meio-selamim (half-selamim)
cântaro to quarto de selamim (quarter of selamim)
Units: moio  / fanga  / alqueire  / quarta  / oitava  / maquia  / selamim  / meio-selamim (half-selamim)  / quarto de selamim (quarter of selamim)
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Old Portuguese Liquid Measure

cântaro to tonel
cântaro to pipa
cântaro to almude
cântaro to pote
cântaro to canada
cântaro to quartilho
cântaro to meio-quartilho (half-quartilho)
cântaro to quarto de quartilho (quarter of quartilho)
Units: tonel  / pipa  / almude  /  / pote  / canada  / quartilho  / meio-quartilho (half-quartilho)  / quarto de quartilho (quarter of quartilho)
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Old French

There were many local variations; the following are Quebec and Paris definitions
cântaro to minot
cântaro to litron
Units: minot  / litron
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Old Russian Dry Measure

cântaro to cetverik (mera)
cântaro to vedro
cântaro to garnetz
Units: cetverik (mera)  / vedro  / garnetz
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Old Russian Liquid Measure

cântaro to vedro
cântaro to shtoff
cântaro to chetvert (quart)
cântaro to vine bottle
cântaro to vodka bottle
cântaro to charka
cântaro to shkalik
Units: vedro  / shtoff  / chetvert (quart)  / vine bottle  / vodka bottle  / charka  / shkalik

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