Shtoff. Conversion Chart

This conversion page features historical units (ancient, medieval, etc.) that are mostly no longer in use. If you are looking for units of area that are used today, including many national units of various countries, please switch to our main volume conversion page.
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1This is a conversion chart for shtoff (Old Russian Liquid Measure). To switch the unit simply find the one you want on the page and click it.
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2Enter the value you want to convert (shtoff). Then click the Convert Me button.
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Your value (shtoff):
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Metric

We only include several basic units here for you to convert historical units to contemporary ones. A more comprehensive list of metric units is available on the main volume conversion page.
shtoff to cubic meter (m³)
shtoff to cubic centimeter (cc)
shtoff to cubic millimeter (mm³)
shtoff to liter (l)
shtoff to milliliter (ml)
Units: cubic meter (m³)  / cubic centimeter (cc)  / cubic millimeter (mm³)  / liter (l)  / milliliter (ml)
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U.S. Measure

We only include several basic units here for you to convert historical units to contemporary ones. A more comprehensive list of U.S. units is available on the main volume conversion page.
shtoff to barrel (liquid)
shtoff to barrel (dry)
shtoff to bushel (bu)
shtoff to gallon (liquid) (gal)
shtoff to gallon (dry) (gal)
shtoff to pint (liquid) (pt)
shtoff to pint (dry) (pt)
shtoff to fluid ounce (oz)
Units: barrel (liquid)  / barrel (dry)  / bushel (bu)  / gallon (liquid) (gal)  / gallon (dry) (gal)  / pint (liquid) (pt)  / pint (dry) (pt)  / fluid ounce (oz)
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Ancient Greeek (Attic) Dry Measure

Greeks mostly used dry capacity units to measure grain. The basic capacity unit was the kyathos. As most ancient measures these units changed over time and varied across different regions of Grece.
shtoff to medimnos (μέδιμνος)
shtoff to hekteus (ἑκτεύς, a sixth of a medimnos)
shtoff to hēmiekton (ἡμίεκτον)
shtoff to choinix (χοῖνιξ)
shtoff to xestēs (ξέστης, Roman sextarius)
shtoff to kotylē or hēmina (κοτύλη, ἡμίνα)
shtoff to oxybathon (ὀξυβαθον)
shtoff to kyathos (κύαθος)
shtoff to kochliarion (κοχλιάριον)
Units: medimnos (μέδιμνος)  / hekteus (ἑκτεύς, a sixth of a medimnos)  / hēmiekton (ἡμίεκτον)  / choinix (χοῖνιξ)  / xestēs (ξέστης, Roman sextarius)  / kotylē or hēmina (κοτύλη, ἡμίνα)  / oxybathon (ὀξυβαθον)  / kyathos (κύαθος)  / kochliarion (κοχλιάριον)
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Ancient Greek (Attic) Liquid Measure

A common unit in both liquid and dry capacity throughout historic Greece was the cotyle or cotyla whose absolute value varied from one place to another between 210 ml and 330 ml.
shtoff to metrētēs (μετρητής, amphora)
shtoff to keramion (κεράμιον, Roman amphora)
shtoff to chous (χοῦς)
shtoff to xestēs (ξέστης, Roman sextarius)
shtoff to kotylē, tryblion or hēmina (κοτύλη, τρύβλιον, ἡμίνα)
shtoff to tetarton, hēmikotylē (τέταρτον, ἡμικοτύλη)
shtoff to oxybathon (ὀξυβαθον)
shtoff to kyathos (κύαθος)
shtoff to konchē (κόγχη)
shtoff to mystron (μύστρον)
shtoff to chēmē (χήμη)
shtoff to kochliarion (κοχλιάριον, spoon)
Units: metrētēs (μετρητής, amphora)  / keramion (κεράμιον, Roman amphora)  / chous (χοῦς)  / xestēs (ξέστης, Roman sextarius)  / kotylē, tryblion or hēmina (κοτύλη, τρύβλιον, ἡμίνα)  / tetarton, hēmikotylē (τέταρτον, ἡμικοτύλη)  / oxybathon (ὀξυβαθον)  / kyathos (κύαθος)  / konchē (κόγχη)  / mystron (μύστρον)  / chēmē (χήμη)  / kochliarion (κοχλιάριον, spoon)
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Ancient Roman Measure (Liquid and Dry)

Roman jar (amphora quadrantal) was the main unit to measure both liquids and dry substances in Roman empire. It was defined to be equal to one cubic pes (Roman foot). The weight of water to fill the amphora was roughly equal to one Greek talent, an ancient unit of weight.
shtoff to culeus (hose)
shtoff to amphora quadrantal (Roman jar, bushel)
shtoff to urna (urn)
shtoff to modius castrensis (military modius)
shtoff to modius (peck)
shtoff to semimodius (half of a modius)
shtoff to congius (a half-pes cube)
shtoff to sextarius (a sixth)
shtoff to hemina (pint)
shtoff to cotyla (cup)
shtoff to triens (one third of a sextarius)
shtoff to quartarius (quart, forth part)
shtoff to sextans (one sixth of a sextarius)
shtoff to acetabulum (small cup)
shtoff to cyathus (shot or dose)
shtoff to ligula (spoonful)
Units: culeus (hose)  / amphora quadrantal (Roman jar, bushel)  / urna (urn)  / modius castrensis (military modius)  / modius (peck)  / semimodius (half of a modius)  / congius (a half-pes cube)  / sextarius (a sixth)  / hemina (pint)  / cotyla (cup)  / triens (one third of a sextarius)  / quartarius (quart, forth part)  / sextans (one sixth of a sextarius)  / acetabulum (small cup)  / cyathus (shot or dose)  / ligula (spoonful)
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Biblical and Talmudic Dry Measure (Old Testament)

Israelite capacity measure tightly corresponded to Babylonian system. The basic unit was log (לג) that was similar to Babylonian mina.
shtoff to kor (כור)
shtoff to letek (לתך)
shtoff to ephah (איפה)
shtoff to se'ah (סאה)
shtoff to kav (קב)
shtoff to log (לג)
shtoff to bezah (egg-size)
shtoff to kezayit (olive-size, כְּזַיִת)
Units: kor (כור)  / letek (לתך)  / ephah (איפה)  / se'ah (סאה)  / kav (קב)  / log (לג)  / bezah (egg-size)  / kezayit (olive-size, כְּזַיִת)
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Biblical and Talmudic Liquid Measure (Old Testament)

Exact conversion for Biblical units is rarely certain. There were more units mentioned in Talmud, many of them from foreign origin, e.g. Persia or Greece. Unfortunately the capacity of those units is currently unknown.
shtoff to bath
shtoff to hin
shtoff to log
Units: bath  / hin  / log
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Old Spanish Dry Measure

shtoff to cahíz
shtoff to fanega
shtoff to cuartilla (¼ of a fanega)
shtoff to celemín
shtoff to medio
shtoff to cuartillo (¼ of a celemín)
shtoff to ochavo
Units: cahíz  / fanega  / cuartilla (¼ of a fanega)  / celemín  / medio  / cuartillo (¼ of a celemín)  / ochavo
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Old Spanish Liquid Measure

shtoff to moyo
shtoff to cántara
shtoff to arroba
shtoff to azumbre
shtoff to botella
shtoff to cuartillo
shtoff to copa
shtoff to panilla (for olive oil)
shtoff to cortadillo
Units: moyo  / cántara  / arroba  / azumbre  / botella  / cuartillo  / copa  / panilla (for olive oil)  / cortadillo
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Old Portuguese Dry Measure

shtoff to moio
shtoff to fanga
shtoff to alqueire
shtoff to quarta
shtoff to oitava
shtoff to maquia
shtoff to selamim
shtoff to meio-selamim (half-selamim)
shtoff to quarto de selamim (quarter of selamim)
Units: moio  / fanga  / alqueire  / quarta  / oitava  / maquia  / selamim  / meio-selamim (half-selamim)  / quarto de selamim (quarter of selamim)
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Old Portuguese Liquid Measure

shtoff to tonel
shtoff to pipa
shtoff to almude
shtoff to cântaro
shtoff to pote
shtoff to canada
shtoff to quartilho
shtoff to meio-quartilho (half-quartilho)
shtoff to quarto de quartilho (quarter of quartilho)
Units: tonel  / pipa  / almude  / cântaro  / pote  / canada  / quartilho  / meio-quartilho (half-quartilho)  / quarto de quartilho (quarter of quartilho)
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Old French

There were many local variations; the following are Quebec and Paris definitions
shtoff to minot
shtoff to litron
Units: minot  / litron
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Old Russian Dry Measure

shtoff to cetverik (mera)
shtoff to vedro
shtoff to garnetz
Units: cetverik (mera)  / vedro  / garnetz
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Old Russian Liquid Measure

shtoff to vedro
shtoff to chetvert (quart)
shtoff to vine bottle
shtoff to vodka bottle
shtoff to charka
shtoff to shkalik
Units: vedro  /  / chetvert (quart)  / vine bottle  / vodka bottle  / charka  / shkalik

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